Top 10 Folk Dances Of Rajasthan (2022) (2023)

When it comes to visiting a culturally rich state in India, Rajasthan definitely tops the list. This princely state is home to a number of folk dances which have gained popularity throughout the world. These traditional dance forms are usually performed by skilled dancers who have spent years trying to master the art form. The folk dances of Rajasthan are extremely lively and colorful with the dancers decked in fantastic dresses and jewelry.

Some of the folk dances of Rajasthan also use props such as the Kathputli dance. These folk dances belong to different tribes who inhabit different parts of Rajasthan. The folk dances which are accompanied by traditional folk music often narrate a story in a unique way. Many of these dances are performed on auspicious occasions such as festivals, weddings, etc.

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Read on as we explore some of the top folk dances of Rajasthan which should be experienced by people travelling to Rajasthan.

  1. Bhavai Folk Dance – The Bhavai folk dance is considered as one of the most difficult folk dances of Rajasthan and it can take several years for the dancers to master it completely. This dance form is mainly performed by women belonging to tribal communities such as Bhil, Kumhar, Meen, Jat, and Kalbelia. In this folk dance of Rajasthan, women balance around 8-9 brass or earthen pots on their head and twirl around while standing on the edge of a plate, glass, or even a naked sword. This dance form is nothing less than a miraculous stunt by the skilled women dancers. While the women dance, the male performers usually sing and play instruments such as sarangi, dholak, harmonium, etc. You will find this folk dance traditionally performed at weddings and it is quite popular in Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Dungarpur, and Banswara. Top 10 Folk Dances Of Rajasthan (2022) (1) Image Source
  2. Chari Folk Dance – Belonging to the Gujjar community in Kishagarh and Saini community in Ajmer, the Chari folk dance of Rajasthan is a celebratory dance performed during occasions such as weddings, birth of a son, festivals, etc. In this dance form, which is performed only by women, brass pots are kept on the head and balanced perfectly while dancing around. These brass pots often have cotton seeds which are dipped in oil and lighted. Balancing the lit pots and dancing gracefully and in perfect synchronization is truly a sight to behold! The word Chari means a pot and the Chari folk dance is a representation of the act of collecting water by the women of these tribal communities in a chari or pot. This daily activity of collecting water has been beautifully translated into a folk-art form.
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  3. Chakri Folk Dance – The Chakri folk dance of Rajasthan is somewhat similar to the Raai folk dance performed by the Beriyas tribe in Madhya Pradesh. The Chakri dance is a fast-paced dance which involves women wearing colorful traditional attires spinning around vigorously to the beats of the dholak. This folk dance of Rajasthan is primarily performed by the women belonging to the Kanjar tribe. To witness this stunning and vigorous dance performance, you will have to travel to the Hadoti region in Bundi, Kota, and Baran district. This dance is usually performed during festivals and weddings in the Hadoti region.

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    Credit: Jinay Modi Image Source

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  4. Fire Folk Dance – The Fire folk dance of Rajasthan is one of the most dangerous yet appealing dance forms and people from throughout the world travel to Rajasthan to witness this stunning folk dance. This dance is mainly performed by men and boys of the Jasnathis belonging to Bikaner and Churu districts. In this folk form, the performers literally play with fire and exhibit various fire stunts such as holding fire rods in their hands, putting kerosene in their mouth and using it to light the fire rods, twirling the fire rods on their heads and legs, etc. In some stunts, the performers also dance or move on top of a bed of charcoal which is set on flame. The precision with which these artists perform is such that they never have any wounds or burn marks after they perform. It is truly one of the best folk dances of Rajasthan. If you wish to witness this marvelous performance, then head to Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, or Bikaner. The best time to experience this folk dance is during festivals such as Janmashtami, Holi, etc.
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  5. Gair Folk Dance – Performed during the festival of Holi, the Gair folk dance is a beautiful synchronized art form performed by both men and women who hold sticks in their hands as props. In this group dance, the performers make two circles and dance around performing various steps in clockwise and anti-clockwise directions. Along with swinging their arms to the beats of the drums, the men also hit their sticks, thus, producing a delightful rhythm. The women performers are decked in colorful ghagra choli and the men are decked in a full-length traditional kurta and carry a sword, stick, and arrow. This dance is usually performed in the Mewar region of Rajasthan by the women and menfolk of the Bhil tribe. There are different variations of this dance performed in Marwar region known as Dandi Gair and in the Sehkhawati region known as Geendad dance.
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  6. Ghoomar Folk Dance – The Ghoomar folk dance is one of the most popular folk dances of Rajasthan and it is popular not just in India but throughout the world as well. This dance form originated in the Bhil community but was later on adopted by other communities as well, including the Rajput women. Though this folk dance has very simple steps, its beauty lies in the graceful movements which include swaying of hands, clapping, twirling around, etc. Ghoomar is performed only by women who wear colorful lehenga cholis and cover their faces with an odhani (veil) while dancing to traditional songs accompanied by traditional instruments. The main USP of this folk dance of Rajasthan is the way women twirl around in perfection which not just shows off their talent and skill but also the mesmerizing colors of their ghaghras. It is often performed during Rajput weddings, Holi, Teej, etc. You can catch a performance of Ghoomar folk dance in Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bundi, and Kota.
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  7. Kalbelia Folk Dance – Since the year 2010, the Kalbelia Folk Dance has been included in the list of Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. This folk dance of Rajasthan which is also popularly known as the snake charmer dance or sapera dance is performed by women belonging to the Kalbelia community. The dance steps in this folk dance represent the movements of a serpent, hence the name. Performed during festivals such as Holi, the women dance to Kalbelia songs that focus on folklore and mythology. The Kalbelia women wear a traditional costume which consists of an angrakhi which is a jacket, odhani which is a veil, and long black and red swirling ghagharas having beautiful embroidered patterns in different colors. The dance is accompanied by traditional instruments such as the poongi, dufli, dholak, khuralio, khanjari, and morchang. The Kalbelia folk dance is quite popular in Ajmer, Chittorgarh, Pali district, and Udaipur district.
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  8. Kathputli Folk Dance – This is one folk dance of Rajasthan which is not just popular among adults but also among children. Kathputli refers to puppets, and hence, it is also often referred to as the puppet dance. These puppets are made of mango wood, filled with cotton, and colorfully dressed. Having a height of about one and half feet, they are usually made in Udaipur, Bari, and Sawai-Madhopur. The Kathputli folk dance is not used just for entertainment purposes but also for spreading social messages and portraying various mythological, historical, and folklore stories. The puppets are controlled using strings attached to them and the puppeteers are also the ones who sing the son on which they make these puppets dance. The Kathputli folk dance truly brings out the essence of Rajasthan and its culture and traditions.
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  9. Terah Taali Folk Dance – The Terah Taali folk dance is one of the most unique folk dances of Rajasthan. In this folk dance, women who are the main performers adorn their body with terah (13) majeeras, i.e., brass discs. They strike these manjeeras with the ones they have in their hand, thus creating the perfect rhythm. This dance is performed by the women belonging to the Kamad tribe and the men sing traditional folk songs while playing instruments such as sarangi, harmonium, dholak jhanjhar, pakhwaja, etc. This folk dance is usually performed for honoring Baba Ramdeo, a folk hero. But nowadays it is performed during almost all festivals in Rajasthan. To make the dance more intriguing, performers sometimes also use a sword or pots on their head. To experience this folk dance, head to Dindwana, Udaipur, Dungarpur, or Ramdevra.
  10. Kachhi Godi Folk Dance – The Kachhi Godhi folk dance originated in Rajasthan’s Shekhawati region and it is performed mainly by men. This is a colorful folk dance where men are dressed in traditional attire which includes dhoti, kurta, and colorful turbans. The highlight of this folk dance is that the men perform the dance by pretending to ride a dummy horse who is also well decorated in colorful cloth. The dance is performed to the music of percussion and flute. This dance mainly showcases the stories of local bandits and involves mock sword fights as well which depict the bravery and chivalry of the performers. This dance is often performed during weddings, festivals, social events, etc. You can check out the Kacchi Godi folk dance in Jaipur, Udaipur, and of course the Shekhawati region.
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Apart from these folk dances, some of the other famous folk dances of Rajasthan include:

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  • Chang Folk Dance – Also known as Dhamal, this dance is famous in Bikaner, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, and Churu.
  • Drum Folk Dance – Performed by only men, this dance form is famous in Jalore.
  • Gawri Folk Dance – Originated in the Bhil tribe, this dance form is famous in various districts of Rajasthan such as Chittorgarh, Udaipur, and Rajsamand.
  • Walar Folk Dance – Women belonging to the Garasia community perform this folk dance and it is famous in Abu Road, Pindwara, and Udaipur.

Rajasthan truly has a plethora of folk dances and each one of them is worth experiencing at least once in your lifetime!

FAQs

Which is the most popular folk dance of Rajasthan? ›

Ghoomar or ghumar is a traditional folk dance of Rajasthan.

Which is the Favourite dance of Rajasthan? ›

Ghoomar. Quintessentially Rajasthani, Ghoomar is probably the most popular folk dance in India. This dance form was introduced by the Bhil tribe, and later adopted by the royal communities of Rajasthan, including Rajputs.

How many folk dances are there in Rajasthan? ›

Invis. This collection contains seven Rajasthani dances. Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of Rajasthan, performed by the women folk who are clad in veils and flowing dresses called “ghaghra”. It was ranked 4th in the list of "Top 10 local dances around the world" in 2013.

What Rajasthan famous for? ›

Rajasthan is known for its historical hill forts & palaces, it is claimed as the best place for tourism-related to palaces.
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace: It is the largest Royal Palace in Rajasthan. ...
  • Lake Palace: It is now a luxury hotel located in Pichola Lake, Udaipur.

What is Rajasthani folk music called? ›

Among the famous music of Rajasthan like Panihari and Pabuji Ki Panch is the Mand Folk Music. Maand is Rajasthan's most sophisticated style of folk music and has come a long way from that time. Earlier, it was only sung in royal courts, praising the Rajput rulers and the local heroes.

Which is the national dance of Rajasthan? ›

Kathputli Folk Dance:

It is a traditional dance of Indian state of Rajasthan. Kathputli is a join of two rajasthani language words Kath meaning wood and Putli meaning a doll which has no life , hence Kathputli means a doll made of wood. Kathputli are usually made of mango wood and stuffed with cotton.

What is Panihari dance? ›

Panihari dance is the folk dance of which state? Answer: [A] Rajasthan. Notes: Panihari dance is one of the major folk dances of the state of Rajasthan. This dance is performed by the people of Kalbelia community of Rajasthan.

Which is the folk dance of up? ›

The pride of northern India - Kathak has its origin in Uttar Pradesh and is thought to be the one of the important dances in 8th form of classical dance.

What are the 3 types of folk dance? ›

Some well known types of folk dance include: Bharatanatyam (India), Samba (Brazil) and Hula (Hawaii). Some cultures may even perform multiple variations of folk dances, with countries like South Korea performing individual dances for key events such as victories in war, farming, music and religion.

What is the folk dance of all state? ›

Folk Dances in India
State of OriginList of Folk Dances in India
AssamBihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal.
BiharJata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya
ChhattisgarhGaur Maria, Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Vedamati, Kapalik
GujaratGarba, Dandiya Raas, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai
23 more rows

Is called the pink city of Rajasthan? ›

A romantic dusty pink hue -- which has defined the city since 1876, after it was painted pink to welcome Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert -- gives Jaipur its status as the "Pink City," as it is commonly known.

How many types of Rajasthan are there? ›

Rajasthan divided into 9 regions; Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad and Mewat which are equally rich in its heritage and artistic contribution.

Where can I see folk dance in Jaipur? ›

Folk Dance & Puppet Show in Jaipur

Ghoomar, Kalbeliya, Terah Tali, Gair dance have gained international recognition. Our professional dancers will make you fall in love with the rich culture of Rajasthan Folk Dance. Looking for complete entertainment and love to explore more culture, Narain Niwas is your best stay.

How many types of classical dance are there? ›

The number of classical dances range from eight to more, depending on the source and scholar. The Sangeet Natak Academy recognizes eight – Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Sattriya, Manipuri and Mohiniyattam. Scholars such as Drid Williams add Chhau, Yakshagana and Bhagavata Mela to the list.

What is famous in Rajasthan for girls? ›

Jewelry and Gemstones

Whether you want silver jewelry, gold jewelry, kundan, meena, or carved trinket, Rajasthan is the place where you find them in unique style and design. Moreover, it is the largest centre for hand-cut gems like; Ruby, Emerald, Garnets, Agate, Amethyst, Topaz, and more.

Why is Rajasthan so hot? ›

Moreover, it is near to the equator and Thar desert is in Rajasthan. Thus solar radiations are reached to this region in very high amounts. So it is a very hot region. So the climate of Rajasthan is hot and dry.

Is Rajasthan a good state? ›

Rajasthan has been winning the best performing big state in governance award for some years now. A desert state with low income and the largest geographical area, the state government has focused on issues at the ground level like special reservation for women and 'e-mitra' to improve governance.

Is Rajasthani a language? ›

Rajasthani (Devanagari: राजस्थानी) refers to a group of Indo-Aryan languages and dialects spoken primarily in the state of Rajasthan and adjacent areas of Haryana, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh in India.

Which art is famous in Rajasthan? ›

Māru-Gurjara architecture, or "Solaṅkī style" is a distinctive style that began in Rajasthan and neighbouring Gujarat around the 11th century, and has been revived and taken to other parts of India and the world by both Hindus and Jains.

What is Rajasthani dress called? ›

Traditional attire for Rajasthani women is ghagra, choli (also called kanchli or kurti) and odhni. The ghagra is a full-length, embroidered and pleated skirt, which comes in a variety of colours, prints and fabrics, such as silk, cotton, georgette and crêpe.

Which state dance is Ghumura? ›

Ghumura dance is a folk dance of Kalahandi district of the Indian state Odisha. It is classified as folk dance as the dress code of Ghumura resembles more like a tribal dance, but there are arguments about mudra and dance forms of Ghumura bearing more resemblance with other classical dance forms of India.

Which state does bamboo dance? ›

The Cheraw or bamboo dance is a traditional dance of Mizoram. It is considered to be one of the oldest dances of Mizoram. The dance is believed to have emerged out of a ritual. In this dance form, bamboos are kept in horizontal or cross formation on the ground.

Who are called Paniharis? ›

Panihari is a Rajasthani term that refers to women who fetch water. The Panihari plays a crucial role in desert communities, but is often abused and downtrodden. As a part of the lower caste, they are seen as untouchable.

What is Maand in music? ›

Mand or Maand (Hindi: मांड गायकी) is a style of singing in Rajasthan, used in folk songs. It is similar to the thumri and the ghazal.

Which state folk music is Bali Puja? ›

The native folk music of Bali, the Indonesian island province, ranges from sacred to secular, celebrating all aspects of life from birth to death.

What are the 10 popular folk dances? ›

Free from shackles of anything mundane and thus critically praised, here is a list of top 10 most popular folk dances in the world.
  • Samba (Brazil) ...
  • Tarantella (Italy) ...
  • Flamenco (Spain) ...
  • Dragon dance (China) ...
  • Kabuki (Japan) ...
  • Tango (Argentina) ...
  • Hula (Hawaii) ...
  • Bharatanatyam (India)

What is the dance of 29 states? ›

Other dance forms of India
StateFolk Dances
PunjabBhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman, Bhand, Naqual.
RajasthanGhumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal, Kalbeliya.
Tamil NaduBharatanatyam, Kumi, Kolattam, Kavadi.
Uttar PradeshNautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli, Jaita.
25 more rows

What is the folk dance of Haryana? ›

GHOOMAR DANCE Ghoomar is a traditional women's dance in Rajasthan and Haryana. It is performed by groups of women in swirling skirts, accompanied by men and women singing.

Who is the mother of folk dance? ›

Francisca Reyes-Aquino

Who created folk dance? ›

Francisca Reyes Aquino is acknowledged as the Folk Dance Pioneer.

How did folk dance start? ›

Many folk dances trace their origins back during times when dance was distinguished between the different classes of society: common and country folk versus the high society, royalty and elitists. The term “folk dance” was originally meant as a derogative term by high society elitists to demean the common people.

Where is folk dance famous? ›

India, owing to its rich and diverse culture is bedecked with different forms of classical and folk dances. Folk dances usually mark the celebrations during numerous seasonal or religious festivals.

Which state is famous for Naga dance? ›

Apart from War Dance being popular in Nagaland, there is another artistic dance of the Zeliang Naga tribe, Zeliang dance.

Which is the best folk dance in India? ›

Eight Famous Folk Dances of India on Indian Tourist Visa
  • Bhangra. ...
  • Jhumar. ...
  • Garba. ...
  • Bharatanatyam. ...
  • Bihu. ...
  • Lavani. ...
  • Kuchipudi. The dance form originated in a village named Kuchipudi in India. ...
  • Kathakali. The most interesting part of a Kathakali performance is its costume.

Which city is known as yellow city? ›

Jaisalmer is sometimes called the "Golden City of India" because the yellow sandstone used throughout the architecture of both the fort and the town below, imbues both with a certain golden-yellow light.

Which city is known as Golden City? ›

Amritsar- The city is popularly called the “Golden City” because of the Golden Temple which stands in the town.

Which city is known as Orange City? ›

Reputed to be one of the topmost Smart Cities of India, Nagpur is known by many names – 'The Orange City', 'The Winter Capital of Maharashtra' and the 'Tiger Capital of India'.

What is the national dance of Rajasthan? ›

Kathputli Folk Dance:

It is a traditional dance of Indian state of Rajasthan. Kathputli is a join of two rajasthani language words Kath meaning wood and Putli meaning a doll which has no life , hence Kathputli means a doll made of wood. Kathputli are usually made of mango wood and stuffed with cotton.

Which art is famous in Rajasthan? ›

Māru-Gurjara architecture, or "Solaṅkī style" is a distinctive style that began in Rajasthan and neighbouring Gujarat around the 11th century, and has been revived and taken to other parts of India and the world by both Hindus and Jains.

What is Panihari dance? ›

Panihari dance is the folk dance of which state? Answer: [A] Rajasthan. Notes: Panihari dance is one of the major folk dances of the state of Rajasthan. This dance is performed by the people of Kalbelia community of Rajasthan.

What is Rajasthani dress called? ›

Traditional attire for Rajasthani women is ghagra, choli (also called kanchli or kurti) and odhni. The ghagra is a full-length, embroidered and pleated skirt, which comes in a variety of colours, prints and fabrics, such as silk, cotton, georgette and crêpe.

Is Rajasthani a language? ›

Rajasthani (Devanagari: राजस्थानी) refers to a group of Indo-Aryan languages and dialects spoken primarily in the state of Rajasthan and adjacent areas of Haryana, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh in India.

How many types of Rajasthan are there? ›

Rajasthan divided into 9 regions; Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad and Mewat which are equally rich in its heritage and artistic contribution.

How many folk music are there in Rajasthan? ›

Overview. Rajasthan has a diverse collection of musician castes, including langas, sapera, bhopa, and Manganiar. There are two traditional classes of musicians: the Langas, who stuck mostly exclusively to Muslim audiences and styles, and the Manganiars, who had a more liberal approach.

What is the national song of Rajasthan? ›

Kesariya Balam is an Indian folk song from Rajasthan. It is one of the most popular Rajasthani folk music narrations.
...
Kesariya Balam.
"Kesariya Balam"
Single by Allah Jilai Bai
GenreFolk

What is the music and dance of Rajasthan? ›

A. Rajasthan is considered to be as a royal state in India with a rich history in terms of its cultural heritage. One of the most portent part of this are the famous folk dances such as Ghoomar dance, Bhavai dance, KachicchiGodi Dance, Khalbeliya dance and lot more.

Who is the heart of Rajasthan? ›

Ajmer pronounced [ədʒmeːr] ( listen) is one of the major and oldest cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the centre of the eponymous Ajmer District. It is located at the centre of Rajasthan. It is also known as heart of Rajasthan.

What is Rajasthani embroidery? ›

'Danke-ka-kaam' is a kind of metal embroidery in Rajasthan that is a decorative feature in Rajasthani fabrics. It's a 400-year old embroidery craft in Udaipur, Rajasthan. As of now there are just two practitioners of the craft who does the embroidery.

What is Rajasthani folk art? ›

Rajasthani folk painting art has been divided into following types: Wall & ground paintings: Devra, Pathwari, Sanjhi , Mandav etc. Cloth Paintings: Pat, Pichhwai, Phad etc. Painting on Paper: Paane.

Who are called Paniharis? ›

Panihari is a Rajasthani term that refers to women who fetch water. The Panihari plays a crucial role in desert communities, but is often abused and downtrodden. As a part of the lower caste, they are seen as untouchable.

What is Maand in music? ›

Mand or Maand (Hindi: मांड गायकी) is a style of singing in Rajasthan, used in folk songs. It is similar to the thumri and the ghazal.

Which state folk music is Bali Puja? ›

The native folk music of Bali, the Indonesian island province, ranges from sacred to secular, celebrating all aspects of life from birth to death.

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