Best Vegetables to Grow in Texas | Region wise (2022)

Texas is a big ole state that is different in each segment. We have beautiful beaches and warm sandy soils in the southern region, dense pine forests in the eastern portion, dry, arid and desert-like conditions in the western portion, and the northern portion of the state has hills, cooler climates and lower humidity.

In order to decide what vegetables to grow in Texas, you must first consider the portion of Texas you are in. Then you have to decide if you are wanting to grow a spring/summer crop or a fall/winter crop.

The Best Vegetables to Grow in North Texas

Best Vegetables to Grow in Texas | Region wise (1)

The soils in this region of Texas are mostly made up of loamy clay mixtures. There are some areas that have deep sandy loam mixed in. This is a diverse area of Texas that has plenty of hills, rocks, and bottomlands. The following list of vegetables will be your best choice for growing in this area according to the variety of soils and the weather conditions in this portion of Texas.

Here are some easy vegetables to grow in texas, especially in North Texas:

Asparagus

North Texas is one of the few locations where asparagus thrives in Texas. This plant likes colder winters and shorter summers with less heat and humidity. It is a great source of vitamins A and C. It grows in spears that are chutes that come out of the ground. You will need to be patient because once you plant your asparagus it will be about 3 years before it begins to produce enough chutes for you to harvest, but your asparagus garden will produce for as many as 20 years without you having to plant again.

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Beets

Beets produce a beautiful red-colored root that is good pickled and cooked in many other ways. You can also pick the young tender leaves from the upper portion of the plant and cook them like you cook mustard, turnip greens, or spinach. Your beats can be harvested in 7 to 8 weeks after planting.

Cabbage

Cabbage makes a beautiful green or purple head of leaves that can be eaten raw in salads or cooked. Cabbage is considered to be a cole crop. Cole crops include cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and brussels sprouts. These vegetables all need to be planted in the springtime because they like the cooler weather. Cabbage and broccoli are the easiest of the cole crops to grow, and they can be grown in central and southern areas of Texas too.

Carrots

Carrots are a root vegetable that provides you with a good supply of vitamin A. You can eat them raw or you can cook them. The majority of them are bright orange, but you can get carrot varieties that are purple or white in color. You want to plant this root crop in the spring and then harvest them between 70 and 80 days after planting.

They also grow well in the central and southern regions of Texas.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower grows on a sturdy stem. You want to plant this crop in early spring because when the weather starts to get warm the cauliflower plant will start to produce flowers and will no longer be edible. This vegetable is best grown in north Texas but can sometimes be grown in central Texas if you plant early enough to beat the Texas heat.

Collard greens

Collard greens are members of the cabbage family but instead of growing heads like other cabbages, they grow leaves on sturdy stalks. They are very nutritious and very easy to grow. They grow well in all areas of the state including the southern region. When you harvest your collard greens you want to select the lower leaves because these are the newest leaves and will be the most tender.

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Cucumbers

Cucumbers are an ideal crop to grow in any portion of Texas. You can plant them in the early spring and they will continue to produce delectable fruits until the summer heat becomes too extreme. These plants create vines and the fruit grows on the vine so you will need to give them a trellis or something to climb. They come in many varieties and can be eaten raw or pickled and preserved.

The Best Vegetables to Grow in South Texas

Southern Texas has a sandier soil, and in some portions of southeast Texas, you will encounter black gumbo soil like is prevalent in Louisiana. The southern heat and humidity can make gardening challenging but with the right vegetables, your garden will flourish.

Green Beans/Snap Beans

Green beans are a favorite springtime crop for south Texas gardens. The beans can be climbing plants that produce vines or you can buy bush varieties. The climbing beans are easier to pick and once the beans start to produce they generally must be harvested every couple of days. Plant the beans in the early spring as soon as a threat of frost is over because when the weather gets hot the beans stop producing.

Melons

Watermelons and cantaloupes simply love the sandy soils of south Texas. You want to plant the melon plants as soon as the threat of frost is over so that you are picking the delicious fruit by the early part of summer. These plants will usually produce fruit until the threat of frost comes in the fall. Melons are also good items to plant in central and north Texas gardens.

Potatoes

Potatoes do very well in sandy soil because the soil drains well and the potato cuttings are not exposed to a vast amount of moisture when they are sprouting. Plant your potatoes between February and early March and you will be harvesting them by late April or early May. Many people in south Texas plant potatoes on Valentine’s day. Red potatoes tend to do better than white Irish potatoes do in this region.

Potato crops are also well suited for planting in central and North Texas gardens.

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Peas

Peas are a standard crop in the southern regions of Texas. The plants like sandy soil and they can withstand the higher heat and humidity. Most people plant their pea crops in the late spring and they harvest peas throughout the summer, or until their freezers and pantries are filled. Peas also grow great in the fall and wildlife like deer are very attracted to peas.

Peas do not require really rich soil and they grow very well all over the state of Texas.

Okra

Okra is an excellent southern Texas crop. Okra likes the higher heat of summer and you do not even want to plant your okra until late in the spring. If you soak your okra seeds for a couple of hours in a mixture of two cups of warm water and one tablespoon of household bleach the seeds will germinate quicker. The stalks can grow to vary heights depending on the type of okra you plant, but once okra begins to produce you will need to cut it every two to there days because it will grow quickly and can get too hard in a short period of time. Texans love okra pickled, fried, boiled in peas, and even raw.

The Best Vegetables to Grow in Central Texas

Central Texas has a wide variety of soil types, and this area can get the colder winter conditions that are seen in north Texas, and they can also have the hotter summer weather as they have in south Texas. Gardening in this region can be a challenge, but if you plant the right plants at the right time you will be successful.

Squash

Yellow squash is the favorite squash to grow in Texas and it does extremely well in central, south and northern portions of the state. Summer squash can be eaten raw, steamed, baked, grilled, pickled or fried. It is full of vitamins and very easy to incorporate into a lot of recipes. Broaden your horizons and awaken your taste buds by trying a wide variety of summer squashes. Plant the squash as soon as the threat of frost is over and they will produce until the summer temperatures get into the upper 90s.

Zucchini

Zucchini is one of those summer squashes that you simply must plant in your Texas garden. Zucchini can be cut into thin strips and fried like potatoes, they can be steamed, they can be turned into bread, cakes, pies, and many more things, and most of the time your kids will not know they are eating something good for them. Zucchini grow on a large plant and the fruit is green and looks a lot like a cucumber when it is small. Larger zucchini fruits have more seeds but they are still edible and delicious.

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Corn

Sweet corn grows better when the temperatures are cooler and field corn grows better when the temperatures are warmer. You can grow both varieties of corn in all portions of the state of Texas, but sweet corn does especially well grown in the central part of the state. The corn stalks grow tall and the corn is ready to pick when the silks on the ear turn a deep reddish maroon color.

Pinto Beans

Pinto beans are versatile beans. You can plant these beans in any region in Texas and they will thrive. You can plant them in the early spring and pick the young beans before they begin to form beans on the inside. Use these young beans like you would use a snap bean or a green bean. You can also allow the beans to mature and develop and then either can, freeze or dry the beans for future use. They are deliciously cooked in a wide variety of ways, and they provide a great source of fiber and nutrients.

Peppers

Jalapenos, bell peppers, banana peppers, and all manner of peppers grow well in Texas. These plants do well in north Texas, central Texas and South Texas. You do not want to plant your sweet banana peppers and your bell peppers too close to your hotter varieties like the jalapenos because they can cross-pollinate and you can wind up having hot banana peppers. They say in Texas that the hotter the temperature is outside when the peppers are grown; the hotter the peppers will be.

Onions

Onions do well in the central Texas soil. Of course, onions also do well in the sandy soil of the southern portions of Texas. Onions are a root crop that really likes their fertilizer and they like their soil bed to be well-drained. You will want to plant your onions in the mid to late spring and then harvest them at about the same time you harvest your red potatoes or carrots. They can be eaten raw, cooked, dried, fried, or in various combinations. They are a Texas favorite as a seasoning with all types of meat and other vegetables.

Final Notes

Gardening in Texas ain’t much different than gardening in any other state. You need to take notice of the type of soil that you have and pay attention to the weather patterns in your area of the state so you can provide your vegetables with the temperatures they prefer.

In the southern portions of Texas, the temperatures get very hot under the full sun so many people actually plant their tomatoes and cucumbers where they will be partially shaded from the sun, while in North Texas most people plant their tomatoes and cucumbers so that they get full sun on them.

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Growing Texas vegetables is a matter of planning, patience, and perseverance.

FAQs

What's the best vegetables to grow in Texas? ›

Beets, lettuce, mustard greens, radish, and carrots are all frost-tolerant veggies that can survive temperatures as low as 32°F and will do nicely in a fall vegetable garden in Texas. Once you plant your seeds, they need to be watered daily for two weeks until the roots are mature enough to support plant growth.

What crops grow good in Texas? ›

Texas leads all other states in number of farms and ranches. While the primary crops of Texas are cotton, corn, feed grains (sorghum, milo, etc.), rice and wheat, there is an abundance of other crops, too. From peanuts, to sunflowers to sugarcane and more.

What veggies grow in Texas heat? ›

So I want to talk a little bit about that one of the good summer crops is southern peas southern

What is good to plant right now in Texas? ›

Start cool season vegetables by seed indoors: Broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, mustard greens, spinach, and swiss chard. Plant fall vegetables seed outdoors: Cucumbers, beans, summer squash, zucchini, and swiss chard.

What is Texas biggest crop? ›

Of all the crops produced in Texas, cotton contributes the largest portion, 9% of the state's agriculture receipts. It's been a major crop in our state for over 100 years. As the top cotton-producing state in the U.S., our cotton production is also a critical part of the national economy.

What is the best fruit to grow in Texas? ›

*Berries(Not trees but they grow so well!): One of the most recommended fruits to grow in Texas is Cane Berries (Raspberries and Blackberries). They are among one of the easiest of all the small fruit crops you can grow as they are not too picky on soil so long as it drains well.

What vegetables can I plant now in Texas? ›

  • Pumpkin, until April 30th.
  • Eggplant, April 1st – mid-June.
  • Okra, April 1st – mid-June.
  • Sweet potato slips, until May 15th.
  • Cucumbers, until mid-June.
  • Peppers, until mid-June.
  • Squash, until mid-June.
  • Watermelon, until mid-June.
11 Nov 2021

When should I start my garden in Texas? ›

Texas gardening for the spring/summer begins earlier than the northern sections of the country. Mid-March is usually time for the last frost of the season. Tomatoes, peppers, squash, zucchini, cucumbers, corn, okra, beans, peas, cantaloupe and watermelon are growing during this time.

What vegetables are heat tolerant? ›

15 Top Veggies to Grow in the Heat
  • Sweet Potatoes. Sweet Potatoes grow well in summer and produce abundantly in as little as 90 days. ...
  • Southern Peas. Southern Peas, also known as cowpeas are wonderfully versatile. ...
  • Yard Long Beans. ...
  • Hot Peppers. ...
  • Green Beans. ...
  • Okra. ...
  • Zucchini Squash. ...
  • Sunflowers.

Which vegetable grow the fastest? ›

1. Radishes. Radishes are one of the fastest vegetables, taking just three to four weeks to reach harvest time.

Do cucumbers grow well in Texas? ›

Cucumbers are warm-season crops. Grow them in central Texas after all danger of frost has passed, which is around the second half of April. Note that high temperatures affect fruit settings drastically. For this reason, Texas gardeners plant cucumbers in two intervals.

What vegetables do well in full sun? ›

Full Sun Vegetables
  • Cucumbers. One of the easiest to grow, cukes have very broad leaves, a common trait in many full-sun plants.
  • Eggplant. These grow better in some climates than in others, but are a popular early spring and late fall harvest.
  • Peppers. ...
  • Squash. ...
  • Tomatoes. ...
  • Beans. ...
  • Beets. ...
  • Broccoli.
27 Apr 2015

What zone is Texas? ›

Texas Gardening ZoneUSDA Hardiness Zoneavg minimum temp
Zone IIZone 70 to 10 F
Zone IIIZone 810 to 20 F
Zone IVZone 9A20 to 25 F
Zone VZone 9B25 to 30 F
1 more row

What month should you start a garden? ›

According to Witz, late summer or early fall is the perfect time for “tilling the ground and adding organic matter, like compost or manure, to improve soil structure and nutrient levels,” because “the cold winter months provide ample time for the organic matter to break down and mingle with the dirt.”

Can you grow vegetables year round in Texas? ›

Texas gardeners can produce tasty, nutritious vegetables year-round. To be a successful gardener requires following a few basic rules and making practical decisions. Although many urban gardeners have little choice, selecting a garden site is extremely important.

What is the easiest crop to farm? ›

Easy Crops to Grow From Seed
  • Lettuce. Lettuce can be sown directly in your garden bed, or started indoors for transplanting. ...
  • Peas. Snap, snow, and shelling peas are all best sown as early as the soil can be worked in spring. ...
  • Radishes. ...
  • Turnips. ...
  • Beans. ...
  • Sunflowers. ...
  • Sweet Potatoes. ...
  • Winter Squash, including Pumpkins.

What is the most profitable crop to grow in Texas? ›

It is important to note that crop production in Texas is actually less than 40 percent of the total value of the state's agricultural output. But when it comes to the crops bringing in the most money for farmers: cotton, grain sorghum, corn and wheat actually account for a majority of the total crop receipts.

Where is the most fertile land in Texas? ›

The Blackland region of Texas is a narrow strip that runs north to south through the east-central part of the state. Blackland soil is still considered the most fertile soil in the state of Texas because of its high calcium content.

What part of Texas is best for farming? ›

The Rio Grande Valley is ideal for growing citrus and sugarcane, among other crops. The Panhandle is home to beef cattle, dairy cattle and cotton. East Texas is known for its forestry and hay production, while West Texas' terrain is good for sheep and goats.

Can lemon trees grow in Texas? ›

Lemons are among the most cold sensitive of all citrus. Because of the likelihood of damaging temperatures in most of Texas, lemon trees cannot be expected to survive for long outside the Valley unless special efforts are provided for cold protection.

Can bananas grow in Texas? ›

Trees in frost-free regions will produce heavy fruit yields. Bananas can be grown in most parts of Texas. Bananas are tropical plants, so they will grow well in Texas. Fruit yield is favorable in warmer regions, and the trees are used are ornamental specimens in cooler regions.

What is the easiest fruit tree to grow in Texas? ›

Picking the right tree and tree variety are important decisions when transplanting fruit trees. Peaches are the most universally planted fruit tree in Texas, Stein said. Apples are hard to grow in Texas, and pears are the easiest.

What vegetables can I plant now in Texas? ›

  • Pumpkin, until April 30th.
  • Eggplant, April 1st – mid-June.
  • Okra, April 1st – mid-June.
  • Sweet potato slips, until May 15th.
  • Cucumbers, until mid-June.
  • Peppers, until mid-June.
  • Squash, until mid-June.
  • Watermelon, until mid-June.
11 Nov 2021

Can you grow vegetables year round in Texas? ›

Texas gardeners can produce tasty, nutritious vegetables year-round. To be a successful gardener requires following a few basic rules and making practical decisions. Although many urban gardeners have little choice, selecting a garden site is extremely important.

What fruits and vegetables can be grown in Texas? ›

Texas is extremely diverse when it comes to agriculture. You can find an assortment of fruit and vegetables grown on Texas soil, from beets, carrots, and cauliflower to apples, honeydew, and citrus fruits. Each type of fruit and vegetable has a specific harvest date and place of growth.

Do cucumbers grow well in Texas? ›

Cucumbers are warm-season crops. Grow them in central Texas after all danger of frost has passed, which is around the second half of April. Note that high temperatures affect fruit settings drastically. For this reason, Texas gardeners plant cucumbers in two intervals.

What is the best fruit to grow in Texas? ›

*Berries(Not trees but they grow so well!): One of the most recommended fruits to grow in Texas is Cane Berries (Raspberries and Blackberries). They are among one of the easiest of all the small fruit crops you can grow as they are not too picky on soil so long as it drains well.

What zone is Texas? ›

Texas Gardening ZoneUSDA Hardiness Zoneavg minimum temp
Zone IIZone 70 to 10 F
Zone IIIZone 810 to 20 F
Zone IVZone 9A20 to 25 F
Zone VZone 9B25 to 30 F
1 more row

What vegetables grow well in winter in Texas? ›

You can find these these winter vegetables in Texas thriving when the temperature drops:
  • Greens (arugula, spinach, collards, lettuce, kale, etc.)
  • Brassicas (broccoli, cabbage, etc.)
  • Legumes (peas, beans)
  • Root vegetables (carrots, beets, radishes, onions)

How often should I water my vegetable garden in Texas? ›

Plants do best when watered about three times a week, factoring in the rain. If the plants are seedlings, water twice a day until established. But don't just water without thinking. Feel your soil!

How often should I water my garden in Texas? ›

A thorough watering at 7- to 10-day intervals encourages deep root penetration and full utilization of the available soil moisture. Just because plants happen to wilt during the heat of the day doesn't mean the soil is dry.

When should I start my garden in Texas? ›

Texas gardening for the spring/summer begins earlier than the northern sections of the country. Mid-March is usually time for the last frost of the season. Tomatoes, peppers, squash, zucchini, cucumbers, corn, okra, beans, peas, cantaloupe and watermelon are growing during this time.

What vegetable is Texas known for? ›

The sweet onion was designated as the Texas state vegetable on May 7, 1997.

What is the easiest fruit tree to grow in Texas? ›

Picking the right tree and tree variety are important decisions when transplanting fruit trees. Peaches are the most universally planted fruit tree in Texas, Stein said. Apples are hard to grow in Texas, and pears are the easiest.

How do you grow big cucumbers? ›

Space cucumbers 36 to 60 inches apart (12 inches apart for trellised plants) in an area with abundant sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Improve native soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. Cucumbers will grow quickly with little care.

Do cucumbers need a lot of water? ›

The main care requirement for cucumbers is consistent watering! They need at least one inch of water per week (or more, if temperatures are particularly high). Inconsistent watering leads to bitter-tasting fruit.

How often should cucumbers be watered? ›

Give them full sun and plenty of space to grow, and train them on a trellis or fence. Cucumbers perform best with regular, deep watering once a week or so and with more frequency if the weather is very hot for a period of days. Inadequate or inconsistent moisture can cause oddly shaped or poor-tasting fruit.

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