When it comes to dog food, there are three main categories — dry, semi-moist, and canned. Each offers different benefits.
For instance, dry food is easier to store and can be bought in bulk for a better price per calorie. It's also less likely to spoil quickly if you buy it in large quantities.
The cost of dry and wet dog food varies widely, depending on the size of your dog, the brand, and the type of food you choose. However, you can usually expect to spend $20-$30 for a small bag of dry and $30-$60 for a large bag of wet food.
In general, dry dog foods are more affordable and offer more convenience. They can be easily pre-portioned and are odourless, making them ideal for traveling.
But the high temperatures used during processing can cause a loss of vitamins and minerals. Some manufacturers spray their kibble with vitamins and minerals to help recover some of this loss.
While this may be a good option for people who are concerned about their dog's health or those who are on a budget, it's also important to consider the nutritional value of the ingredients. Quality ingredients, including organic fruits and vegetables and free-range meats, contain more naturally occurring vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and healthy fats than their commercialized counterparts.
When it comes to dog food, convenience is often one of the biggest selling points. It means that the products are arranged in such a way as to be easy and accessible for your pet.
Dry dog food consists of crunchy pieces of kibble that vary in size and shape, typically sold in larger portions compared to wet food. Unlike canned dog food, dry food does not spoil quickly and does not require refrigeration once opened.
Wet dog food, on the other hand, contains a higher moisture content. This helps dogs stay hydrated and avoid urinary-tract problems. It also is palatable, which can help picky eaters or sick pups eat more.
The appearance of dry or wet dog food largely depends on the process used to make it. Dry foods are typically made by extruding the ingredients, which is similar to how humans make cereal or pasta.
Some pet food makers use high-heat processing called “rendering” to remove any viruses or bacteria. However, these processes also eliminate important nutrients such as vitamins and minerals.
If you’re looking for a food that is not rendered, look for a formula with human-grade meats. Avoid meat from sick, diseased or disabled animals, and choose an organic option if possible.
Wet foods come in a variety of forms, including canned and semi-moist varieties. Canned food is sterile; semi-moist foods may or may not be sterile, depending on the process they are cooked in. The high water content of wet dog foods can help dogs maintain hydration.
Nutrition in dog food refers to the nutrients that are included in the diet. These include proteins, vitamins, minerals, and other important substances that dogs need to build and maintain their bodies.
Generally, dry food is more nutritionally complete than canned or wet food. However, if you have a health-conscious dog or an elderly pet who requires additional hydration, wet food may be the better choice.
Wet food is also more palatable for many dogs, especially those who have trouble eating dry kibble. It also tends to create a longer feeling of fullness, which can be helpful in weight management.
Canned food also usually has a higher moisture content than dry dog food, which may be helpful for dogs with urinary issues or hot climates. In addition, canned foods often have more real meat and the meaty flavor dogs love. Lastly, some varieties of wet dog food contain prebiotics and probiotics that help support digestive health.