Malaysia is known throughout the world for its multi-cultures society. It has proven to be attractive to people from everywhere. As house to multiple ethnic groups, many countries regard Malaysia as the great example of peaceful co-existence regardless of race and creed. At the end of the day, you’d be hard pressed to find another country that can offer you the same heady mix of colours, culture, food, festivities and inspiration as the ones you’d find in Malaysia.
All the ethnic groups in Malaysia co-exist in harmony and enrich the country’s cultural lifestyle. Malaysia consists of a collective blend of food, traditions, clothing and customs. Local cuisines can range from hot and spicy Indian and exotic Mediterranean to Western and popular Chinese dishes.
The multiculturalism has not only made a gastronomically paradise, it’s also made Malaysia home to hundreds of colourful festivities. Malaysians love celebrating, and socializing too in fact, where their laid back, warm and friendly mannerisms make them as approachable as you can imagine.
Geographically, Malaysia is as diverse as its culture. Cool hideaways can be found in the highlands, while those who have a sunnier disposition will be able to kick back and chill at warm, sandy beaches and rich, humid mangroves.
2.0 Main Ethnic Groups in Malaysia
Malaysia is a multi-racial nation. There’s many races in Malaysia, 3 of them were considered as the main races in Malaysia. They are Malay, Chinese and Indian. Each group has different cultures and different art, yet still they are able to live harmony in one place. Malay is recognised as the largest ethnic group in Malaysia due to its population, Chinese is the second largest whereas Indian is the smallest main ethnic groups.
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3.0 Malay Dance
Today, the Malays, Malaysia’s largest ethnic group, make up more than 50% of the population. In Malaysia, the term Malay refers to a person who practices Islam and Malay traditions, speaks the Malay language and whose ancestors are Malays. Their conversion to Islam from Hindustan and Theravada Buddhism began in the 1400s, largely influenced by the decision of the royal court of Melaka. The Malays are known for their gentle mannerism and rich arts heritage. Traditional Malay dance in Malaysia can be classified into 3 primarily categories. Court Dance, Folk Dance of the West Malaysia and East Malaysia are widely practiced in Malaysia.
Court Dance started as entertainment for the Royal Households of Malaysia. The style is very graceful and the movements are slow, sustained and controlled. Most of the Court dances begin in seated position then slowly to a kneeling or standing position. Such dances used to be performed for the public in many places. As for Folk Dance, these dances are always associated with joyous occasions for the community. Folk Dance is popular but the origins are unclear. Most of the dances use hand-held props that are easily recognisable. Some of these dances can be traced to animistic beliefs and rituals. Since the 15th century, Malaysia had tremendous influx of traders and missionaries that brought with them their own culture, tradition and beliefs. Folk Dance is quite alive in eastern Malaysia. These dances are simply yet beautiful. The style appears to be without tensions or muscular action and fairly relaxed. The dance movement often depicts nature, life in jungle, movement of birds and others. The major differences of Folk Dances in East and West are the dancers, musicians and musical instruments. Dancer’s costumes are very ornate and often with an elaborate headgear and other accessories in the East. Primarily a 4 stringed, elongated guitar for the Sarawakian Dance and the Kulintantan for the Sabahan Dance. These instruments are mostly handmade and very artistic. They are many Malay Dances; Joget, Silat and Dikir Barat are some examples.
During the warly 16th century Joget, also known as Ronggeng was introduced to Malays in Malacca. Branjo and Farapeirra are the two popular Portugues folk dances. The both were flash backed from the dawning of Joget. The joget has been known as a quick-paced famous dance throughout Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and the Riau Archipelago. It redeems a catchy beat and cheerful combination of both hands and legs moving at a fast pace.
A portion of the Malay Archipelago, the Joget was known as the Rentak Lagu Dua meaning interaction between couples in portraying song with aliveness and cheerfulness.
Joget music and dance portrays a hybrid character. Tambur its name is derived from the Portugues is an instrument used during a joget performance. Violins and framed drums are others examples of instruments used during the performance. Other textures such as the gong and pantun(a malay poetry) and the basic techniques are indigenous. Some examples of Joget music are Joget Asam Kana, Joget Istan Lukut and Joget Songkok Mereng.
Silat was first practiced when it was ruled by the kingdom Sirivijaya. Most of the silat techniques are derived from the Indian martial arts such as silambam and thigh slapping. It also has a Chinese influence such as illustrating warriors with double edged sword.
There are many legendary stories on how the silat was formed but archeologically proved that silat was indeed created in Sumatra and flourished after it was spread to Java. Silat was already highly refined during the 15th century. It too has the similarities of martial arts from the Japan like Karate. It uses tessenjutsu and bojutsu as weapon arts. After the Dutch colonization, silat was widely spread to Holland by the Indonesian immigrants. In Netherlands, silat was still remained as one of the most renowned martial arts.
3.3 Dikir Barat
Dikir barat can be defined as a musical form that involves singing in groups almost always without instrunmental accompanied. It was at first debatatle where it was originated from, either from Malaysia or Thailand but Malaysian government actively promotes it’s a part of Malaysian national culture.
During a competition both groups will be on the stage at the same time. There are two segments in a dikir barat performance where the tok juara the person who is responsible to train the group will take lead during the first round. During the first the segment, more complex musical arrangements are performed. The leader of the dikir barat group is known as tukang karut. Tukang karut may be a former tok juara. The second session is more to the conclusion part where the tukang karut sings patuns which is related to their occasion of performance.
Dikir barat can also address social issues, legal matters, animal’s lifestyle, government regulations, and human foibles. Tones may be sarcastic or humours.
4.0 Chinese Dance
Chinese cover 25% of the population in Malaysia; it’s the 2nd biggest ethnic group. Most of the Chinese’s descendants migrate to Malaysia (known as Tanah Melayu in the past) during 19th century. Their sharp business sense and diligence are well known around the globe. There are all sorts of dialect in Chinese’s language. The three major dialect groups migrated into Malaysia are Cantonese, Hokkien and Mandarin. In Penang, Hokkien is the predominant; In Kuala Lumpur, Cantonese is the predominant; In Johor, Mandarin is the predominant.
4.1 Fan Dance
Chinese Fan dances start out as ceremonial rituals whereas the dance moves haven’t changed, the dance uses have. Fan dances represent beauty, grace, skill, tradition, delicacy and history. They also express feelings of joy and fans are recognized as good luck charms and expressions of generosity. Even all these years, fan dances are still used at ceremonies and Chinese celebrations (such as Moon Cake Festival, Chinese New Year). Now, it even transformed into unique modern workouts. Fan dance consists constant changing of rhythms and body positions. The feather fans and silk fans are used in the dance that began since the Han Dynasty, c. 206 BC.
History of the Chinese fan dance and the fan itself dates back to the Neolithic Yangshao culture, 4,000 B.C. It’s approximately 6,000 years ago. There are two types of fan dance developed, for civilian and the military. Fan was originally used as shelter from the blazing sun and a shield to blowing sand. There’s hundreds of fan developed since its beginning, e.g. folding, feather and silk.
The Chinese fan was sold to America, Japan and Europe where it influences the palace and local fan manufacturer. China was called as “kingdom of fans”. Bambon, jade, bird feathers, ivory, plant leaves and other materials were used to create fans. Fans were known as “Shelter from the Sun” in ancient China and also “Cool Friends” by the literati.
Fans are produced by knotting, weaving, calligraphy, mounting, poker-work, carving and et cetera. If the fan is produced by a skilful craftsman, painter or writer, the price of a common fan will raise a lot! Fans consist of a lot functions. They can be a tools for artistic performance (e.g. pingtan, art of Suzhou City), dance, drama and folks arts rather than just chilling off in the summer. Dancers in the ancient times hold fans while dancing, thus the preference passed down till present. It has become a dancing art with distinctive Chinese characteristics.
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4.2 Fan Dance Moves
Get Chinese fans made of cloth or silk as different material gives different way of air movement and hold them in both hands while bending your knees a little. After doing so, held your arms out to each side. First of all, fluttering the fans while raising them above your head and lowering to the side, this step will bring out a little a flower-shaped pattern. This step may be repeated throughout the choreography by facing different directions or including walking steps and to give different kinds of act. As the choreography varies, the specific techniques of opening, closing and fluttering the fans remains to show the continuous flower-shape.
After lowering the arms while fluttering the fans, slowly bring your hand towards the front to show another pattern. With a count of 8, open and close the fans by turning your wrists. Repeat the steps for another 8 counts. After that, continue the dance by tilting your upper body to one side while raising one side of your arm overhead while the other arm to the side, remember to keep fluttering the fans throughout the arm and torso position changes to maintain a particular pattern of movement. Lower arms back to the start position with arms to the side.
The following step is to again bend your knees, moving up and down, while fans are held close together and arms are outstretched in front of you to show a waving pattern, turn your torso to the right and left too. After that, raise your arms abruptly overhead while crossing one fan in front of the other. Hold this position for a few seconds as this pose represents power. The dance will either continue with new positions or repeat the positions introduced earlier.
4.3 Lion Dance
Lion Dance is a traditional Chinese dance. It mimics the movements of a lion in a lion costume. Lion dance is operated by 2 persons. One controls the head, one control the body. The lion is believed to be a guardian creature.
5.0 Indian Dance
The smallest of three main ethnic groups, the Malaysian Indians form about 10% of the population. Most are descendants of Tamil-speaking South Indian immigrants who came to the country during the British colonial rule. Lured by the prospect of breaking out of the Indian caste system, they came to Malaysia to build a better life. Predominantly Hindus, they brought with them their colourful culture such as ornate temples, spicy cuisine and exquisite sarees.
The oldest classical dance of India is Bharatanatyam, the fifth Veda, which is from Tamil Nadu India. Bharatanatyam is usually danced with classical Indian music. This dance has its inspirations from the sculptured of the ancient temple of Chidambaram. There are certain meaning of the name of this dance:
Bharatanatyam is well known because of its grace, purity, tenderness, and sculptures que poses. It’s now one of the most popular dance performances. It’s unique styles is being practiced all over the world. Some ancient sculptures in Hindu temples are based on Vharatanatyam dance postureskaranas. Who dances Bharatanatyam is said to be the celestial dancers, apsara’s. They are depicted in many sculptures. In the most essential sense, a Hindu deity is revered royal guest in temple or abode. It’s to be offered the “Sixteen hospitalities” among which are music and dance. This is why many Hindu temples are traditionally maintained complements of trained musicians and dancers.
Bhakti (devotion) is the center of most arts in India. Therefore, Bharatanatyam as a dance form and carnatic music set to it are deeply grounded in Bhakti. Bharatanatyam is the embodiment of music in form of visual, a ceremony, even an act of devotion. It has three distinct elements. They are Nritta (rhythmic dance movements), Natya (mime, dance with a dramatic aspect), and Nritya which is the combination of both Natya and Nritta.
5.2 Bharatanatyam Dance Moves
Dancing Bharatanatyam needs to emphasize on many techniques such as elaborate neck and eye movements. Natya Shastra contains the most number of the movement and it is the most detailed descriptions. AbhinayaDarpanam for instance, has defined only 9 head movements, 4 neck movements and 8 eye movements compare with 36 of NatyaShastra which are used extensively throughout the dance.
Head Movements (Shirobhedas): Sama, Udhvahita, Adhomukha, Alolita,Dhutam, Kampitam, Paravruttam, Utkshiptam and Parivahitam.
Neck Movements (Grivabhedas): Sundari, Tirashchina, Parivartita, Prakampita
Eye Movements (Drishtibhedas): Sama, Alolita, Sachi, Pralokita, Nimilite, Ullokita, Anuvritta, Avalokita
5.3 Kolattam Folk Arts
Kolattam is an art originated from Andhra Pradesh. It is performed by using a kind of stick of an arms length. Kolattam is a dance form in which two such sticks are used for producing rhythmic sounds while in motion. The performers sing songs and at the same time moves while beating the two sticks. This art was originally played by the female dancers in a temple hall, but it is now even performed by the male dancers as a folk art form.
This art has got no any age barriers and all the participants can belong to any community. Kolattam performances are arranged in an wide open place. The participants wear clothes of uniform colour , coloured ribbons around their heads and anklets on their feet. Performances of this form are mostly seen on the occasion of festivals such as Sri Rama Navami. Back in good olden times, this ancient village art will only be performed for 10 days, starting with Amavasai or Newmoon night till the Festival of Light called Deepavali. Now, Kolattam performances are given during all seasons. But in the rural areas, these performances are common during the summer season. Songs with other themes and contexts are also written and sung for Kolattam.
The kolas or better known as sticks are prepared by the participants themselves. The sticks are uniquely carved in such way that they are stout at one end and taper to a thin size at the other end. The stout ends are held in the hands of the performers and the thin ends are beaten one against the other to produce rhythmic sound. Usually the participants will stand in a circle while performing with the Kolas in their hands. Their guru or tutor stands in the centre of the circle. While their guru sings the song, the dancers repeat the song along with him or her and beat the Kolas and turn around with rhythmic steps and move forward. In this manner the performance goes for one or two hours.
Traditional dances in Malaysia are very different in the way it’s performed. However, all of them are joyful dances and filled with spirit. Every dance represents all kind of elements, such as beauty, grace and delicacy. In Malaysia, even with multi-culture, different dances move yet those are the ones that bring our country together.
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For the Malays, the primary genres of folk dance are the Joget, Zapin, Inang and Asli. The Joget is believed to be a variant of the Portuguese Brundo or Branle, which was popular in 15th century Europe, while the Zapin is the oldest syncretic form of Arab culture.
Primarily, it keeps a culture of people alive, by sharing and teaching younger generations the dances. Dance keeps the history of people alive as well. Dances are ways a community celebrates a special event or important date in time.
Dance is filled with aesthetic values, making it distinct from one society to another and is shrouded in symbolism that expounds on the cultural heritage of a community accordingly being unique from one society to another. Hence, ritual dances affirm the belief of the system of society.
Participating, viewing, and learning about cultural dance and the roles it plays in societies leads to awareness and appreciation of other people and their cultural values.
Culture of Malaysia
The people of Malaysia are a mosaic of Chinese, Indian and native Malay influence. The Malays make up the largest ethnic group, and tend to practice both Islamic and Malay traditions, and speak in the native Malay language.
Malaysia is a multi-cultural society. The main ethnic groups are the native Malays as well as large populations of Chinese, and Indians. When visiting the country it is clear that the ethnicities retain their religions, customs and way of life. The most important festivals of each group are public holidays.
What is the importance of studying folk dances How can you help in the preservation of the folk dances? ›
People think folk dances are important because they help keep a culture alive. People have been doing folk dances for hundreds of years, and there is value keeping that tradition alive. Folk dances are important because they preserve the Philippine culture and pass it on to the next generation.
improved balance and spatial awareness. increased physical confidence. improved mental functioning. improved general and psychological wellbeing.
Recreational folk dance provides an activity that is socially engaging, physically challenging, creative, and culturally and mentally stimulating. Involvement in the activity has general exercise benefits, which contribute to a healthy lifestyle.
The art of dance helps teach a child to focus, creativity, and discipline, all in which are mandatory in any area of education. Social Benefits- Dance improves sensitivity, understanding, appreciation, and consideration for others, both for their similarities and differences.
Traditional dance means those dances and dance forms that have arisen out of the tradition of a people, such as the folk dances of indigenous peoples of Europe or other areas.
Dance connects us to a society or culture in many universal and personal ways that deepen our understanding of our world and ourselves.
Dancing improves brain function and boosts memory. Several studies have shown that dancing is linked to a reduced risk of dementia. In a study by researchers at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, they found that dancing is associated with 76% reduced risk of dementia among the participants.
dance, the movement of the body in a rhythmic way, usually to music and within a given space, for the purpose of expressing an idea or emotion, releasing energy, or simply taking delight in the movement itself.
Dancing is a form of artistic expression as well as sensual, evocative art. Today, we find dance in all aspects of culture: in gestures we use every day, in religious ceremonies, in mating rituals, in popular culture, in entertainment, in fitness, and in fine art.
It is one among Asia's most diversified nations.
Malaysia's 32 million residents are made up of Malays, Chinese, Indians, and indigenous peoples. Along with Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, and Hinduism thrive. Malaysia's diverse blend of culture, language, and — of course – food is rooted in this diversity.
Malays form the predominant ethnic group; the two other large ethnic groups are Chinese and Indians. Islam is the official religion and is practiced by some 60 percent of the population. Bahasa Malaysia is the official language, although English is widely spoken.
The main difference between culture and tradition is that traditions describe a group's beliefs and behaviors that are passed down from one generation to another. Culture describes the shared characteristics of the entire group, which has been amassed throughout its history.
In addition to its intrinsic value, culture provides important social and economic benefits. With improved learning and health, increased tolerance, and opportunities to come together with others, culture enhances our quality of life and increases overall well-being for both individuals and communities.
Art has a long tradition in Malaysia, with Malay art that dating back to the Malay sultanates, has always been influenced by Chinese, Indian and Islamic arts, and also present, due to large population of Chinese and Indian in today's Malaysian demographics.
Malaysia can be found in Southeast Asia. The country is actually made up of two separate regions: Peninsula Malaysia and the island of Borneo. The latter is known for its sprawling rainforest which is over 140 million years old and home to endangered species like the orangutan.
Dance can be used as a vehicle for expression. It can help tell a story, convey feelings and emotions, and connect with others and with ourselves. Body movement can be expressive and communicative. It can be used as a means of self-expression where words are not necessary – the body does all the talking!
For me to preserve and strengthen our folkdance through promoting and performing it in any ways like group dance compettitions in school either local , national or international through the help of teachers specially in mapeh .
Dance Is Good for Mental Health
Research shows that dance can help decrease anxiety, increase self-esteem, and improve psychological well-being. And certain types of dance have even been used as treatment for depression.
Dancing bolsters physical and mental health by helping to prevent falls, improve posture and flexibility, lift mood and ease anxiety. It's also a fun activity that sharpens the mind, increases aerobic power and strength, builds social bonds, and can reduce pain and stiffness.
Dance teaches the importance of movement and fitness in a variety of ways through a variety of disciplines. As well, dancers learn to coordinate muscles to move through proper positions. Dancing is a great activity to pursue at almost any age provided you are in proper health to handle the rigors of dancing for life.
Dancing in general increases muscle strength and flexibility, which in turn, improves overall range of motion. Dance also increases core strength which can improve balance, coordination, and posture (which can, in turn, reduce mechanical back pain).
Folk dance is a cultural dance. 1) It is important to study folk dance because it is our cultural dance and we should express our feeling towards our culture. 2) Folk dance is a way for people to express, share, and connect with their own traditional culture.
Another beneficial advantage is that they can significantly improve their aerobic capacity, lower body muscle endurance, strength and flexibility, balance, agility and gait through the dancing.
Explanation: Safety measures are vital in dancing as this may prevent bad things like accidents and injuries from happening. Dancers also are presumably to exert their full potential if they know that they're safe regardless of what happen.
Dance allows people to be more active, socialize and develop creative and physical skills. Just a few of the benefits increased exercise dancing can give you are; reduced stress levels, improved relaxation, stronger bones & muscles, weight control and a healthier brain!
But what's often overlooked are the ways dance can promote important social-emotional skills. Through movement, students can learn acceptance, respect, teamwork and cooperation. By extension, students also develop empathy, which is the key to building healthy relationships with others.
Regular social dancing will help you to have improved reflexes, better hand-eye coordination and more agility. You'll also have stronger stabilizer muscles from regular dancing, which will improve your posture while both sitting and standing. Nothing gets positive brain and blood chemistry flowing quite like dancing.
What is the importance of folk dance? Primarily, it keeps a culture of people alive, by sharing and teaching younger generations the dances. Dance keeps the history of people alive as well. Dances are ways a community celebrates a special event or important date in time.
Folk dance celebrates the cultural roots of a particular group of people. Folk dance is typically performed as a form of ritualistic entertainment at social gatherings. Some kinds of folk dance tell a culture's foundational stories, while others may simply emphasize cultural pride.
folk dance, generally, a type of dance that is a vernacular, usually recreational, expression of a past or present culture.
- 1: Teaches Teamwork and Accountability. Every dancer has experienced being part of a team at least once in their lives. ...
- 2: Increases One's Responsibility. ...
- 3: Helps Improve Determination. ...
- 4: Lets People Stay Creative. ...
- 5: Teaches Flexibility.
- Dance helps self-confidence. Dancing helps express your inner emotions, allowing you to get in touch with your body's natural way of moving. ...
- Dance makes you feel like smiling. ...
- Dance inspires laughter. ...
- Dance is great exercise. ...
- Dance improves posture.
Learning a variety of dance styles allows for versatility in the way your body is able to translate movement and choreography. When you have a wider vocabulary to work from, your ability to comprehend and take ownership over your learning (be is dance or otherwise) enhances. All techniques serve each other.
Dance allows for us to express our emotions and increase our awareness of ourselves and others through creative movement thus increasing our emotional maturity. Movement within a class setting is structured but also allows for an emotional and physical release.
Dancing is a mixture of various forms of art like music, rhythm, fashion and creativity. It also involves making hand movements that are called gestures or body language while moving to the feelings of songs. After all, dancing is something that is inspired by music. There is no specific or defined way to dance.
Dancing is an art that refers to the movements of body parts and especially to rhythmic and to music. Dancing is taken as a form of nonverbal communication that is used to express emotions, ideas or tell a story. Dances are social, participatory or performed for an audience.
Cultural dance as an art form allows other parts of the globe to better understand a country, it's people, and their values. Each country has its own styles of folk dancing that showcase and respect the origins of the culture and their people while emphasizing the importance of traditions and norms.
Dance is a learned cultural practice; Polhemus (1993: 8) says that societies create dances and that dance is actually a 'metaphysics of culture', because a culture of specific society is embodied in the forms of material and physical culture, and the latter is also stylized and schematized in the form of dance.
Ethnomusicologists may extend their study to dances performed to the music of the culture. Countries all over the world have traditional dances, but they are actually evolving products of history, migration, wars, and political and societal changes of the people who perform them.
Dance has been part of human history since its earliest origins, bringing transcendence to spiritual rituals and creating bonds within communities. Dance styles have changed through history, but dance itself remains one of the most expressive physical art forms.
The 5 basic dance genres which includes Inang, Zapin, Joget, Asli and Masri, have been known to portray rhythm and grace of the dancers.
1 | Saman Dance, Aceh
Having originated in Aceh, from a plateau called Gayo, Saman Dance is one of the most famous traditional dances in Indonesia. There are many values, principles, and philosophies of Acehnese imbued in the Saman dance, such as wisdom, faith, manners, heroism, and togetherness.
Two of the main Chinese folk dances – the Dragon Dance and the Lion Dance – stem from the Han Chinese, even if these have since been borrowed by many other Chinese ethnic minorities.
Also known as the Tarian Burung Engganng, or Hornbill Dance, the Datun Julud is a traditional dance practiced by Sarawak's Kenyah women. It is believed that the ancient Kenyah prince 'Nyik Selong' created this dance to symbolise happiness and gratitude to the Gods for the birth of his grandchildren.
The “original” Malay dances are indigenous to the Malay region, encompassing Sumatra, the Malay Peninsular, Singapore, the Riau Archipelago and Borneo, and its origins can be traced back to the early Malay civilizations.
The five dance forms are noted for their distinct music and rhythmic accompaniments. Asli: The Asli is the slowest amongst the three music/dance genres of the Ronggeng Repertoire (trio of Asli, Inang and Joget).
Why do we dance? Why should we dance? Dance allows people to be more active, socialize and develop creative and physical skills. Just a few of the benefits increased exercise dancing can give you are; reduced stress levels, improved relaxation, stronger bones & muscles, weight control and a healthier brain!
What festival in Indonesia where people dance in their tradition and is part of the religious and artistic expression? ›
Balinese dance (Indonesian: Tarian Bali; Balinese: ᬇᬕᬾᬮᬦ᭄ᬩᬮᬶ) is an ancient dance tradition that is part of the religious and artistic expression among the Balinese people of Bali island, Indonesia. Balinese dance is dynamic, angular and intensely expressive.
Each ethnic group has its own dances: there are more than 3,000 original dance forms in Indonesia. The old traditions of dance and drama are being preserved in the many dance schools which flourish not only in the courts but also in the modern, government-run or supervised art academies.
The sakuting dance, originally performed solely by boys, portrays a mock fight using sticks. A sakuting stick is striped or bamboo and is about 1½ feet long and tapered at the end, like a candle. Its original use was for combat training.
Dragon dance is a traditional dance form in Chinese culture. The dragon represents wisdom, power and wealth. Like the lion dance it is most often seen in festive celebrations.
Ancient statues, carvings, and texts show Chinese dance was deeply embedded in 5,000 years of Chinese history. From the ancient palaces of the Xia and Shang dynasties to the Forbidden City halls of the Qing, each dynasty had its own imperial court dances, which varied greatly in style.
Chinese folk dances come from the common traditions of China's largest ethnic group, the Han. And different folk dance styles are associated with the traditions of Han people living in different regions. Historically, folk dances were often performed as part of harvest celebrations.
Joget, Malaysia's most popular traditional dance.
I think the Ngajat dancers wear traditional clothes during their performances because they want to honour the tradition and to show the world how talented and proud they are.
The dancers imitate the eagle in flight by stretching their arms to both sides and swing them up and down like bird wings. Usually Sumazau is danced in group of male and female partner as pairs, who move with rhythm of beating of gong and drum. Normally Sumazau is performed in cultural events and celebrations.