Food Supplements for the Elderly - Sikalias Pharmacy | Φαρμακείο Σικαλιάς (2022)

Food Supplements for the Elderly

The elderly have special needs and need more care to support their already burdened health.

Dietary supplements available in Pharmacies may be the key to improving their quality of life and delaying inevitable wear and tear on the various organs and tissues of the body.

For Heart and Circulatory

Elderly people often have heart or circulatory problems, increased blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides,

The ingredients that can help are:

• Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 is essential fatty acids that exist mainly in fish and other sources.

They have a blood thinning action and contribute to good circulation in blood vessels, lowering blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides.

Omega-3 in supplements usually derived from fish oil or cod liver oil.

Our Tip:

• Ask your pharmacist for fish oil supplements from trusted companies that guarantee that they have been subjected to molecular distillation and are clean.

• Check the content of supplements in omega-3 as there is a variety in it - usually the liquid forms are more concentrated.

• If you have an allergy to fish, you can choose Krill oil (Krill is a species of shrimp-like zooplankton and is considered one of the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids).

• If you are vegetarian you can choose linseed

• The garlic

Garlic contributes to the health of the heart and circulatory and to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Especially for the cold-cured garlic extract, numerous studies have been conducted and have been shown to reduce LDL (bad cholesterol), total cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

It also reduces the pressure, inhibits platelet adhesion and the progression of the atherosclerotic plaque.

Our Tip:

Select a dietary supplement containing cold cure garlic extract

• Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 contributes to heart health and increases exercise tolerance in people with cardiovascular disease.

Although it’s normal in all of our cells, its production decreases with age.

Most elderly people have low levels, which can lead to muscle weakness and pain, fatigue and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Taking Q10 supplements is essential for people taking statins, as they significantly reduce their levels in the body.

Our Tip:

Prefer Q10 in the form of ubiquinol for people taking statins as it is considered to be the most effective form of Q10 to increase its levels in the body (shows high bioavailability)

• Folic Acid and B12 & E Vitamins

Vitamin B12 and folic acid are essential for the production of red blood cells.

In addition, they help maintain homocysteine ​​at normal levels, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Many older people have low levels of B12.

In these cases supplement B12 administration is necessary.

Other ingredients considered to be beneficial to the heart are vitamin E and bioflavonoids, which protect and strengthen the vessels.

Our Tip:

You can ask your pharmacist to recommend a heart-specific nutritional supplement that combines all the above ingredients

For Memory and Good Functioning of the Brain

When people grow up, the mind does not work as well as in youth.

Many older people complain about memory problems. Some ingredients and herbal extracts can help.

• Vitamin B complex

Vitamins are essential for the health of the nervous system and unfortunately the risk of shortage is great in the elderly.

A supplement with B vitamins will protect your nervous system and contribute to good brain function, mood and energy production.

Our Tip:

Consult your Doctor or Pharmacist about whether it is better to take a vitamin B complex or a single vitamin supplement

• Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba is herb that, according to studies, promotes good blood circulation to all parts of the body, including the brain and the upper and lower extremities.

Studies show that it can help improve memory and mental performance and delay the onset or progression of dementia, especially if taken in the early stages.

Our Tip:

Ask your pharmacist for a standard herbal extract because it ensures consistent content and efficacy regardless of batch

Caution! Ginkgo Biloba should not be used in people who take strong anticoagulants.

• Glutamine and Phosphatidylcholine

Glutamine is an amino acid that is a "fuel" for the brain.

Phosphatidylcholine is present in large quantities in the brain and is involved in the transmission of messages to the nervous system.

Our Tip:

Ask your pharmacist for a diet supplement for good brain function that combines all the above ingredients.

For Bones

Elderly people need to look after their already bruised bones more than anyone else.

Calcium, magnesium and vitamin D are ingredients essential to maintaining bone health.

• Calcium

Calcium is one of the basic structural components of bones.

Taking it is necessary on a daily basis and throughout life.

With increasing age, the bone mass decreases. Studies show that taking calcium supplements can reduce the rate of bone loss, the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.

• Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for the absorption of calcium.

Its lack is widespread in the elderly and supplementation is often necessary.

Deficiency of vitamin D greatly increases the risk of fractures.

• Magnesium

Magnesium is a structural component of the bones and contributes to their good condition.

It helps in the absorption and metabolism of calcium, since it is related to the secretion of parathyroid hormone and the production of active vitamin D, which are involved in bone calcium homeostasis.

Our Tip:

• Ask your pharmacist for calcium supplements that also contain vitamin D as this is necessary for absorption.

• In your next blood test, ask to measure the levels of vitamin D to see if there is a deficiency.

For Joints

The joints are heavily stressed over time.

Some ingredients can help maintain joint health, slow down their damage, and reduce inflammation and pain in them.

• Glucosamine

Glucosamine is a structural component of cartilage.

It is produced naturally in the body, but in smaller quantities as we grow older.

It stimulates the production of proteoglycans and collagen, thereby contributing to the reconstruction of cartilage and ligaments.

Glucosamine is thought to improve joint mobility and retard its deterioration.

• Chondroitin

Chondroitin is a structural component of cartilage and is produced naturally by the body.

It contributes to maintaining the lubricating properties of the synovial fluid and prevents the action of enzymes that break down the cartilage.

Improves joint mobility and promotes elasticity and flexibility in cartilage, ligaments and tendons.

Our Tip:

• Glucosamine sulphate and chondroitin sulphate are among the most studied forms and are suggested to be chosen as appropriate.

• For osteoarthritis, prefer a combination of glucosamine and chondroitin that act synergistically to reconstruct and repair cartilage.

• Caution! Glucosamine is not recommended for diabetics.

Glucosamine and chondroitin are usually derived from shellfish and should not be administered to people who have an allergy to them.

• Collagen (hydrolyzed type II).

Collagen is a protein that naturally exists in the joints and contributes to their elasticity.

More than 90% of collagen in the joints is in the form of type II.

Our Tip:

Choose hydrolyzed type II collagen because it is better absorbed and is the form that is basically in our joints.

The eyes

Most, if not all, elderly have eye problems, with age-related macular degeneration being among the most prevalent.

The macula is part of the retina and is responsible for the sharpness of vision.

With age increasing, the macula may degenerate.

• Lutein

Lutein belongs to carotenoids and is taken through nutrition.

It is in large concentrations in the macula of the retina of the eye, which it protects against damage that can be caused.

Taking lutein appears in studies to reduce the risk of developing or developing macular degeneration.

Zeaxanthin, often administered along with lutein, may also contribute to health and eye protection.

• The Blueberry

Bilberry is herb rich in flavonoids that help strengthen the small capillaries of the eye and protect against the onset or progression of macular degeneration and other degenerative eye diseases.

The Bowel and the Urinary

The elderly, male and female, may suffer from bowel disorders or urinary tract infections.

In addition, older men may experience problems with their prostate, such as benign hyperplasia.

Some supplements can also help in the above cases.

• Probiotics and Vegetable Fibers for Gastrointestinal Disorders

Many elderly people have trouble with constipation or diarrhea.

Taking probiotics can help restore the balance of their bowel flora and regulate its function.

In addition, fiber, such as those contained in the flea bark, can help ease emptying without effort, pain or irritation.

Our Tip:

Select probiotics supplements from trusted companies that guarantee the viability and stability of the ingredients and use capsules that release probiotics directly into the intestine.

• Cranberry for UTIs

Cranberry contains proanthocyanidins that prevent pathogenic microorganisms, such as E. coli, from attaching to the urinary tract, thus reducing the risk of urinary tract infections.

The efficacy of Cranberry has been proven in both young and elderly people.

Our Tip:

• Ask the Pharmacy for a standard Cranberry extract that ensures consistent content and efficacy regardless of batch.

• The combination of Cranberry and probiotics can help, even more protect your urinary tract.


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