IELTS, also referred to as the International English Language Testing System, is an English language proficiency test. Students who want to go abroad for their higher studies or for work must take this test. The most popular English language test is IELTS. It has two types, one is academics ( for study visa ), and other is general training ( for work permit or PR ).
In IELTS, vocabulary plays a very important role. You can score 7 to 8 bands easily in IELTS if you have the right knowledge of vocabulary. There is different vocabulary for IELTS for each section.
In the upcoming paragraph, we will get the list of IELTS vocabulary for writing, reading, listening, and speaking. This post will help you become familiar with some new and difficult words.
But, before reading the list of IELTS vocabulary, you must know why vocabulary is needed in IELTS.
Table of Contents
Why is vocabulary important for IELTS?
IELTS consists of four modules: listening, reading, writing, and speaking. The only and most important thing that all these sections have in common is vocabulary. In writing and speaking, vocabulary even contributes to around 25% of your score. Vocabulary also helps in reading and listening as it increases the knowledge of synonyms.
Section-wise vocabulary for IELTS (Academics)
You will get the proper list of the latest IELTS vocabulary for listening, reading, writing, and speaking. There are two types of IELTS IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. In this blog, if you don’t know about both, then you can read our blog about IELTS Academic vs General. you will definitely understand about the IELTS academic vs general. So, let’s start to learn vocabulary.
Vocabulary for IELTS writing
IELTS writing vocabulary means the words we use in the writing section of IELTS. Vocabulary plays an important role in writing and helps the reader understand the text. For a reader, it is difficult to understand any text without knowing what most of the commonly used words mean.
You will get 1 hour for this section of IELTS. In IELTS writing, there are two tasks,
Task 1 : In this task, you have given data in the form of a graph, table, or map. You have to write around 150 words for this task after analyzing the data given.
Task 2 : In this task, you have to write around 250 words. You have given a general question. It can be problematic, an opinion, agree or disagree, or the examiner can ask you a direct question.
Let’s see the vocabulary for the IELTS writing list:
Vocabulary for Task 1
Vocabularies for an upward trend
Example – The use of electricity soared last month.
Soar is used to show a large rise.
Example – Use of mobile phones has rocketed in the last five months.
Just like soar, rockets are used for showing a large rise.
Example – People’s interest in electronic gadgets has been surging.
Vocabularies for a downward trend
- Slip back
Example – Use of telephones has slipped back in the past 10 years.
This is used when there is a fall after having a rise.
Example – The housing cost sank after the corona pandemic.
Example – The crime rate has dipped in the past few years.
Adjective vocabs for showing a steady trend
|Constant||A constant shift|
|Consistent||A consistent flow|
Adjective vocabs for showing a small increase or decrease trend
|Gradual||A gradual fall|
|slight||A slight rise|
|Modest||A modest increase|
Vocabulary for Task 2
- Vocabulary for showing contrast:
- On the other hand,
- On the contrary,
- Even though,
These are the vocabularies for IELTS you can use if you want to show the contradiction.
- Vocabulary to present an idea:
- When it comes to…
- Not only… but also..
- Research shows that…
- With respect to…
- Research has found that…
Examples : Research shows that unemployment and crime are interrelated.
When it comes to teaching moral values to children, parents always come first, but teachers are also equally responsible for that.
- Phrases to explain more ideas:
- Apart from this,
- Another point worth noticing is,
- Another factor to consider is,
- In addition,
- Not only… but also …
- Vocabulary for IELTS to show a result, effect, or consequence:
- The reason why
- On account of…
- Because of…
- As a result,
- As a consequence,
- Owing to,
- Due to,
- As an effect,
- Vocabulary for IELTS writing task 2 conclusion:
- To recapitulate,
- To conclude,
- To sum up,
- In a nutshell,
- To summarize,
- Some expressions you may have been writing wrong:
|Last but not the least,||Last but not least,|
|In conclusion,||In a nutshell,|
|Secondly,||Second of all,|
|From my point of view,||In my point of view,|
|In my opinion,||From my opinion,|
If you want to learn some tips for improving your IELTS writing, you can read our other “Best 8 Tips On How To Improve Writing In IELTS.”
Vocabulary for IELTS speaking
Speaking is an important and scorable module of IELTS. The duration of speaking tests is approximately 10 to 15 minutes. It has three parts:
Introduction : In this exam, the examiner will ask you some introductory questions about yourself. For example, do you love flowers? Do you enjoy music? In this, you can give an answer in one or two lines.
Cue Card : This examiner will give you a topic, and you have to speak for at least 1:30 to 2 minutes.
Follow Up : In this part, the examiner will ask you questions related to your cue card or some general topics, and you have to give an answer in at least 3 to 4 lines.
Let’s move to the list of vocabulary for IELTS speaking.
Meaning – an activity done for enjoyment
Example – Cricket is my favorite pastime.
Meaning- a formally planned trip,
Example – My boss planned an itinerary for a trip to Shimla for all employees.
Meaning – outside of one’s home country
Example – I want to go abroad for further studies.
Meaning – a chosen field of study
Example – In senior high school, Ram’s majors were physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
Meaning – the beginning grade levels of school
Example – Miss Babita was my favorite teacher in primary school.
Some other important vocabulary for speaking in IELTS
- Suburb – a town near the big city
- Night out – a night spend outside the house at a public place
- Chilly – referring to the weather, means cold and uncomfortable weather
- Casual – when referring to friends, means someone you don’t know properly
- Arid – a dry climate, with no or little rain
- Chain restaurant – a restaurant with branches at different locations.
- Ingredients – things that you combine to make a certain dish
- Innovation – new and valuable invention
Vocabulary for IELTS reading
In the reading section of the IELTS, knowledge of vocabulary helps you in skimming and scanning. If you have knowledge of different vocabulary, then you won’t get stuck while skimming, and you will save your valuable time. The duration of the reading section is 1 hour.
Without wasting time, let’s have a look at the important vocabulary for reading.
- Erosion – when sand is removed from the earth’s surface with water or air.
- Habitat – A place where you find a certain animal, plant, or other living creature.
- Emissions – when a gas or smoke gets released into the air.
- Flora and fauna – It means plants and animals.
- Mammal – animals which have warm blood and fur on their body.
- Reptiles – Animals that have cold blood and no hair or fur on their bodies, such as turtles, lizards, and snakes.
- Evolve – when something changes or develops itself.
- Sustainable – sustainable activity is that which doesn’t damage the environment.
Vocabulary for IELTS listening
In this section, you will listen to a recording for 30 minutes and have to answer 40 questions by listening to that recording. You will get an additional 10 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet.
Let’s have a view on the useful vocabulary for IELTS listening.
- Tutorial – student teacher discussion when the tutor is giving instruction to students.
- Office hours – The time you spend in the office.
- Counselor – Who consults you and takes your counseling sessions.
- Sibling – a brother or sister.
- Spouse – a husband or wife.
- In-laws – relatives of your spouse.
- High rise – tall buildings mostly at the town center.
- Main square – small and central area of the city center.
- Accommodation – place where anyone lives.
IELTS Vocabulary Tips
After reading the important section-wise vocabulary for IELTS, you should also know some tips which can help you to remember IELTS vocabulary easily.
So, now without wasting more time, let’s move to some essential IELTS vocabulary tips.
Get a notebook
There is evidence that if you write something by your hand, the chances that you will remember that thing longer is high.
So it is essential to write down any new word you hear. Later, you can search for that word to find its meaning and example.
Get a dictionary
You can buy a dictionary from the bookstore to find new words and synonyms. You can also download the dictionary app from the playstore on your mobile.
One of the most important benefits of a dictionary app is that in some apps, there is an option which allows you to hear the pronunciation of the word after submitting the word.
So whenever you encounter a new word, then first write it down and later search for its meaning and uses in a dictionary.
In IELTS, your band score will get affected if you repeat any word a lot. It sometimes happens that you have to write a word again and again because it is the demand of the question.
In that case, to avoid repetition, you can use a synonym of the word. By this, you can avoid repetition, and along with that, you will get a new vocabulary.
Write words in sentences
Whenever you hear new words, don’t try to memorise the words instead, always try to use words in different sentences. By doing this, you can remember the word easily.
Always try to use words in simple sentences and try to memorise the words by repeating the sentences. You must repeat the sentence unless or until it comes to your mind automatically.
Ask someone to test you
Get help from someone who has a vast knowledge of using vocabulary. You can take online help by hiring an online tutor, or you can take help from a friend or an English teacher.
It is very important to take help from an expert because there is no benefit to using vocabulary if you are using it wrong.
Because a word has many synonyms, we can’t use all those synonyms in every place. For example, clear has a synonym lucid and let’s use clear and lucid in the same sentence one by one.
Clear = this graph clearly shows
Lucid = this graph lucidly shows
In this, the use of lucidly is wrong. So when you are learning vocabulary for IELTS, it is very important to understand its meaning and usage.
Make it a habit always to record yourself. When you record yourself, then you can practice the vocabulary for speaking.
As in speaking, only knowledge of vocabulary and its meaning won’t help you, you should also know the exact pronunciation.
If you can’t pronounce the word properly, then the word is of no use. Also, by recording yourself and listening to that word, again and again, you can easily memorise the word.
If you find it difficult to calculate your IELTS overall score, our blog “How to calculate IELTS score: Everything you should know” can help you with this.
In this post, we have discussed the section-wise vocabulary for IELTS. This will help you to improve your band score in each section, as well as improve your overall band score. Along with the vocabulary, their meaning and examples are also given, which will make it easy for you to understand these tough words.
We hope you have enjoyed reading this post about the IELTS vocabulary. Keep visiting our website for more interesting posts like this.
How can I improve my vocabulary for IELTS?
Below are simple steps to improve your vocabulary for IELTS:
1. Write the definition
2. Put the word into a sentence to contextualse it
3. Check what the word form is – adjective, noun, adverb and verb.
4. Look for antonyms/synonyms
5. Look for collocations
Which dictionary is best for IELTS?
There are a few best dictionaries available online, such as:
1. Cambridge Dictionary
2. Oxford Learner’s Dictionary
3. Free Collocation
How much Vocabulary is enough for IELTS? You must have a collection of around 6000 to 7000 most used vocabulary words as an IELTS Vocabulary. Also, be sure that these words cover every aspect of nature, so that you can articulate about any topic.
- Write the definition.
- Put the word into a sentence to contextualise it.
- Check what the word form is – noun, adjective, verb, adverb etc.
- What other word forms are connected to it? ...
- Look for synonyms/antonyms (use a good thesaurus).
- Look for collocations.
How is the IELTS Score Calculated? A Brief Summary.
|IELTS Band Score||Skill Level|
- Develop a reading habit. Vocabulary building is easiest when you encounter words in context. ...
- Use the dictionary and thesaurus. ...
- Play word games. ...
- Use flashcards. ...
- Subscribe to “word of the day” feeds. ...
- Use mnemonics. ...
- Practice using new words in conversation.
- Keep an organised vocabulary notebook.
- Look at the words again after 24 hours, after one week and after one month.
- Read, read, read. ...
- Use the new words. ...
- Do word puzzles and games like crosswords, anagrams and wordsearches.
- Make word cards and take them with you.
Collins COBUILD IELTS Dictionary contains all the vocabulary students need to succeed in the IELTS exam.How can I get 7 in ielts writing? ›
- Step 1: Answer all parts of the question.
- Step 2: Present a clear position.
- Step 3: Structure your essay.
- Step 4: Use linking devices.
- Step 5: Use a range of vocabulary.
- Step 6: Use a range of grammatical structures correctly.
- Step 7: Check your essay thoroughly.
- Tip 1: Don't memorise answers.
- Tip 2: Don't use big and unfamiliar words.
- Tip 3: Use a range of grammatical structures.
- Tip 4: Don't worry about your accent.
- Tip 5: Pause to think.
- Tip 6: Avoid using fillers.
- Tip 7: Extend your answers.
- Tip 8: Smiling helps pronunciation.
Instead, you should use appropriate IELTS vocabulary at all times. By “uncommon,” they mean words that are specific and perhaps not in daily use. For example, let's take the topic of health. It is perfectly fine to say “he feels sick,” but “he feels nauseous” is more specific.
No matter what you've scored in the other 3 sections, if you felt your score is less in the IELTS speaking section alone and planned to appear again, you need to retake the IELTS exam (reading, listening, speaking, and writing) completely, not one.
Yes, getting an IELTS band score of 9 in the actual exam is very much possible. This is possible if you have met the expectations of the IELTS examiner and showcased the qualities of a competent user of the English language.Can I get job after IELTS? ›
After your IELTS test, a variety of career opportunities in English speaking countries will be open to you. There are many different professional bodies that ask for an IELTS score for registration in the industry. These professions include teaching, medicine, law, or engineering to name a few.
- Prodigious — wonderful or marvelous.
- Astonishing — causing astonishment or surprise; amazing.
- Astounding — capable of overwhelming with amazement.
- Phenomenal — highly extraordinary or prodigious; exceptional.
- Breathtaking — exciting, thrilling; very great, astonishing.
WordUp Vocabulary is available on both Android and iOS, and it's for free. This is a feature-rich app that you can use to improve your English vocabulary. You can get daily reminders of new words that you can learn.
- Memorize Sight Words. Sight words are common words that can't always be sounded out. ...
- Read More Books. ...
- Learn Common Prefixes and Suffixes. ...
- Keep Track of Tricky Words. ...
- Use Mnemonics. ...
- Be Aware of Spelling Exceptions. ...
- Test Yourself. ...
- Improve Spelling Skills Every Day.
- 10 new English words for 2021. Read Time. ...
- Adulting. Definition: The action of becoming or acting like an adult. ...
- Awe walk. Definition: Taking a walk outside and making an effort to look at the things around you. ...
- Contactless. Definition: not having to physically touch or interact with people. ...
- Doomscrolling. ...
- PPE. ...
- Quarenteen. ...
- Make use of new words.
- Read every single day.
- Improve Your Vocabulary: Keep a thesaurus closeby.
- Learn everyday vocabulary.
- Learn new words each day.
- A dictionary is your best friend.
- Improve Your Vocabulary: Play word games.
- DIY vocabulary tests.
Definitions of key word. a significant word used in indexing or cataloging. type of: word. a unit of language that native speakers can identify. a word that is used as a pattern to decode an encrypted message.
Vocabulary is 25% of your marks for IELTS writing and speaking and also plays a key role in listening and reading. You need to develop your English language vocabulary if you wish to crack IELTS.
- Get an idiom dictionary and learn a few a day.
- Read extensively from newspapers to magazines.
- Watch the evening news every night.
- Read across various disciplines and topics (from tech to family & climate change)
- Learn synonyms for commonly used words.
- Study a wide range of topics.
- Make notes of new words and phrases.
- Always learn words in context.
- Focus on collocations of new words.
- Use different techniques to remember words.
- Practice and activate new vocabulary.
Contrary to popular belief, 7.5 is not difficult to achieve. Try to score 8 or 8.5 in Listening and Reading. In writing if you can get 7, you can target 7 or 7.5 in Speaking. Just practice reading and writing well.
In order to get an 8 band score in listening and reading you need to get 89% of the marks. Since IELTS reading and listening have 40 questions each, in order to get band 8 you have to at least answer 36 questions of each.Is an IELTS score of 7.5 good? ›
For most overseas students, IELTS Band 7 is the ultimate goal. A score of 7.0 or 7.5 on the IELTS indicates that your English is sufficient to enroll in any university programme, including those at elite Oxbridge and Ivy League universities.
The world's leading test of English language proficiency, IELTS is not difficult in itself. In less than 3 hours, it assesses your abilities in listening, reading, writing and speaking.Is IELTS writing difficult? ›
The IELTS writing criteria is incredibly rigid. If you have a problem with articles, for example (and so many people do), this means that very few of their sentences will be grammatically correct. This caps their Grammar score at Band 6.0. Very few people can teach IELTS writing.
Some common synonyms of beautiful are comely, fair, handsome, lovely, and pretty.What is the synonym of happy? ›
cheerful, contented, delighted, ecstatic, elated, glad, joyful, joyous, jubilant, lively, merry, overjoyed, peaceful, pleasant, pleased, satisfied, thrilled, upbeat, apt, fortunate.
In IELTS listening synonyms play an important role as in the exam you will not listen the same word as mentioned in the question. The narrator always uses the synonyms to confuse the test taker. For instance, if the question is emphasizing population, you may perhaps hear “number of citizens who live there”.
Does the IELTS Essay Question Repeat in the IELTS Exam? Students often wonder whether the essay questions are repeated or not. The answer is No. The essay questions never repeat, but the topic might.
Bad news: 2 days is not long so you need to focus on exam technique more than anything. Of course, I highly recommend that you prepare months in advance, you might want to follow my course here, however, this is not always possible so here are my 12 top tips for smashing the IELTS test in just 2 days.How can I impress examiner in IELTS Speaking? ›
1. Smile and Answer Immediately
- Don't slouch.
- Don't sit with your legs wide open.
- Use open gestures.
If you miss your IELTS speaking test then there is nothing you can do. You will need to book another one (the whole test) and pay again unfortunately.How can I get 8.5 in IELTS listening? ›
- Stop looking for tips. A common misconception amongst IELTS pupils is that tips or tricks can help you secure the band you need. ...
- Listen to English every day. ...
- Listen actively. ...
- Have a strategy. ...
- Practice Wisely. ...
- Reflect. ...
- Enjoy it. ...
You can attend IELTS as many times as you like. You can use any result that you wish.What's the highest IELTS score? ›
IELTS results are reported on a 9-band scale. They are designed to be simple and easy to understand. They are reported as band scores on a scale from 1 (the lowest) to 9 (the highest).
The eligibility criteria for the British Council IELTS scholarship award for Indian students are as follows: The candidate must be an Indian resident and citizen. The student must attend a university that recognizes IELTS as part of its enrollment criteria. They should have an IELTS band score of at least 6.5.Which country has the highest IELTS score? ›
The average ielts salary in Canada is $48,619 per year or $24.93 per hour. Entry-level positions start at $34,973 per year, while most experienced workers make up to $87,750 per year.
IELTS score validity extension
There is no IELTS validity extended to 3 years for Canada or any other English speaking country. Once you receive the IELTS TRF (Test Report Form) scores, they will expire after 2 years, and you can not extend the validity.
Candidates should select the new test date within three months of the booked test date. They need to pay an administrative charge of Rs 3,300 inclusive of all taxes for the transfer of the test date. Candidates can reschedule the IELTS exam only once.How much vocabulary is enough for English? ›
Nevertheless, Nation's vocabulary size figures (based on 98% coverage) of 6,000–7,000 word families for spoken English and 8,000–9,000 for written English are very widely cited.
IELTS Writing Task 2 is the second part of the writing test, where you are presented with a point of view, argument or problem and asked to write an essay in response. Your essay should be in a formal style, at least 250 words in length and you should aim to complete it in under 40 minutes.How can I learn vocabulary for IELTS speaking? ›
- Study a wide range of topics.
- Make notes of new words and phrases.
- Always learn words in context.
- Focus on collocations of new words.
- Use different techniques to remember words.
- Practice and activate new vocabulary.
The answer is clear – no. Idioms, such as “it cost an arm and a leg” are informal which means they are not suitable for IELTS writing task 2 academic or general training essays. However, idioms are only one type of idiomatic language.Can I learn 50 words a day? ›
Learning 50 words a day is impressive, learning each word will take you about 10 seconds, but you need to practice it, so if you spend just 1 hour a day, you can pick up a lot of vocabulary and be confident in conversation with native speakers!
Remember that 300 to 600 words may be enough to travel, but at least 1,000 words are necessary for a conversation. The most important thing is not knowing how many words you need to speak a language, but which words to know. To begin, choose the most common words to maximize your progress and avoid wasting time.How many words memorize a day? ›
That's it: 50 new words, every day. That's 18,250 words in the space of a year, the approximate size of the (active) vocabulary of a native speaker.
Assessment of writing performance is carried out by examiners trained and certified by British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia or IELTS USA. Scores are reported as a whole band or half band. Detailed assessment criteria have been developed, which describe written performance at the nine IELTS bands.
There used to be a fixed penalty in IELTS writing if you wrote under the word count which is 150 words for writing task 1 and 250 words for writing task 2. You would automatically get only band 5 in Task Response which counts for 25% of your marks.
No, Examiners do not count the number of words on IELTS essays. This is something that has changed. In the past, IELTS essays were required to have a minimum number of words. The scoring system no longer contains anything about number of words.Which dictionary is best for IELTS? ›
Collins COBUILD IELTS Dictionary contains all the vocabulary students need to succeed in the IELTS exam.
- Watch movies in English. ...
- Immerse yourself in English language news. ...
- Start a vocabulary book of useful words. ...
- Have conversations in English. ...
- Practice, practice, practice. ...
- Curiosity doesn't always kill the cat. ...
- Don't forget to have fun while you learn.
Speculating and expressing possibility
- I suppose…
- It's possible…
- I would imagine that…
- I'd say…
- I think it's likely/unlikely.
The IELTS Speaking test is supposed to represent a normal conversation between two people and you should therefore not use overly formal language. You can't use slang or anything too informal either, just plain spoken English.What are the 10 idioms? ›
- Under the weather. What does it mean? ...
- The ball is in your court. What does it mean? ...
- Spill the beans. What does it mean? ...
- Break a leg. What does it mean? ...
- Pull someone's leg. What does it mean? ...
- Sat on the fence. What does it mean? ...
- Through thick and thin. ...
- Once in a blue moon.
- Use your time wisely. You get 60 minutes to complete the entire section. ...
- Check the number of words. ...
- Understand the task. ...
- Organise your ideas logically. ...
- Know your approach. ...
- Think about style. ...
- Check your work! ...
- Work on your grammatical range and lexical resource.