At One with Nature: The Top 160+ Nature Words in English (2023)

At One with Nature: The Top 160+ Nature Words in English (1)

By Michael Cristiano Last updated:

Have you ever dreamed about having a big garden filled with fruits, vegetables and flowers?

To grow your own garden, you’ll need to plant some seeds, regularly add water and take care of the little sprouts (baby plants) as they grow into edible (something you can eat) and ornamental (something beautiful) adult plants.

Planting and taking care of a garden is a lot like growing your vocabulary!

First, you need tofind new words from vocabulary lists; this is the “planting seeds” step.

Next, you’ll need to learn the meanings of the words on your list; this is the “watering” step.

And then, you’ll also need to have fun vocabulary-building exercises. Think of this as the “sprouting” step where your vocabulary is starting to really grow.

Over time, your English vocabulary is sure to flourish if you take care of it!

The seeds we’re going to plant today are related to nature words in English.

Many of the nature words in this list are better suited for intermediate to advanced English learners, but there are plenty of words that beginner English learners can learn and benefit from, too!

Since there are over 160 words on this list, regardless of your language level, you’ll definitely pick up some beautiful nature vocabulary!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

The Best Way to Practice Nature Words in English

Long-term memory is where knowledge and vocabulary words stay for long periods. That means that once a word is in your long-term memory, you should be able to use that word a week from now, a month from now or even a year from now.

While memorizing lists of words may be a quick way to learn nature vocabulary, simple memorization doesn’t often lead to long-term memory.

To move words from your short-term memory to your long-term memory, you should make words meaningful to you.

When learning a new word, try using it in a full sentence and write that sentence down in a notebook.

In many cases, you can use several words that are related to each other to help you remember their meaning.

For example:

The barkon thebranchof thepine tree is rough.

To take your practice a step further, try going for a walk in nature. As you’re walking, create sentences and descriptions of what you’re seeing.

For example:

There are bushesand acaveby thewaterfall.

Better yet, write these sentences down or bring a voice recorder with you!This is a great way to use nature words and record the descriptions you’re creating to review again later.

Now that you’re ready to plant and grow your English vocabulary garden, let’s look at the top 160+ nature words in English.

Describing Nature

Aside from the actual names of plants and landscapes, it’s important to be able to describe these nouns (people, places or things) accurately.

Describing nature not only deepens your understanding and memory of these nature words, but it also allows you to paint a picture for a listener if you’ve forgotten a specific nature word.

For example, if you forget the word flower in English, you might use its description to help someone understand you.

They’re beautiful when they bloom, and they grow in the garden during summertime.

Obviously, you could use color to describe nature words, but since you probably already know the English words for colors, we’ll use your time here more wisely.

Describing Flowers, Plants and Trees

Learn the following 17 adjectives (words that describe nouns) and their meanings so that you can describe flowers, plants and trees with ease.

Lush —plants and flowers that have grown well

Grassy—used to describe meadows and fields that have a lot of grass or green plants

Floral—used to describe gardens or landscapes that have a lot of flowers

Vivid—something that’s bright or colorful

Abloom—used to describe flowers or groups of flowers that are blooming

Vibrant—something that’s bright and eye-catching

Dense—used to describe plants that are growing close together and are hard to see through because they’re so thick

Earthy—something that contains or looks like soil or dirt

Diversified—used to describe a garden or landscape that has a lot of different plants

Scarce —used to describe a landscape that has very few plants

Dry—without water

Bare—without plants

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Dead—used to describe plants that are no longer living

Oversaturated—used to describe plants that have had too much water or rain

Flooded—used to describe landscapes that are covered in water due to overflowing rivers or lakes

Flowering—used to describe when flowers first start appearing on plants

Budding — used to describe the first stage of flowering

Describing Landscapes and Geological Features

The following 12 adjectives can be used to describe landscapes and geological features (things found in nature that are not plants or animals).

Hilly—a landscape containing a lot of hills

Mountainousa landscape containing lots of mountains

Wavyused to describe water with rough waters

Rollingused to describe a landscape with a lot of hills that resembles (looks like) ocean waves

Stormydescriptive of a lot of rain, lightning, thunder and wind

Mistya landscape that has a light haze of rain in the air; oceans and waterfalls often produce mist

Frigidextremely cold

Desolatea bare landscape where few plants are growing

Untoucheda landscape that has not been changed by human beings

Pristinea lush landscape that appears untouched or “picture-perfect”

Tropical a landscape that’s warm with jungle plants and palm trees; common on islands near the equator

Arida dry landscape that receives very little rain

Describing Weather Conditions

The following 18 adjectives can be used to describe weather conditions in English.

Sunny a lot of sunshine

Humida lot of moisture in the air

Stiflingso hot that one is uncomfortable

Gloomycloudy and gray weather

Rainya lot of continuous (ongoing) rain

Drylittle to no rain

Cloudya sky mostly covered in clouds

Foggy used to describe a landscape with a lot of fog (a light cloud at the ground level)

Clearno clouds or rain

Crispdescribing a cool temperature

Cool slightly cold or chilly

Windy a lot of wind

Breezya similar meaning to windy, but abreeze is less strong thanwind

Wetthe landscape after a lot of rain

Fairweather that’s clear and warm

Mildpleasant or not too warm

Stillno wind

Overcasta lot of clouds in the sky, but little to no rain

Talking About Types of Plants and Plant Parts

Now that we’ve learned how to describe nature, let’s learn about the things we can find in nature and how to talk more about them!

Small and Skinny Plants

Busha plant that grows close to the ground; it expands widely and has leaves

Shrubanother word for bush

Hedgesimilar tobush but often trimmed to be rectangle-like; these often surround houses or are used to create a boundary or fence

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Grassa plant that grows widely in fields and meadows; it’s also common on household lawns

Mossa soft plant that grows on rocks and trees; it looks like a green carpet

Mushrooma fungus that grows in dark places; some can be eaten and others are poisonous

Herba variety of plant that’s used for flavoring food (basil, cilantro, mint, etc.) or as medicine or tea

Fernan ancient (very old) plant whose leaves look like feathers

Reeda plant that looks like tall grass and grows in wetlands and swamps

Bambooa plant that looks like long stalks of wood and grows in tropical places

Ivya plant with five-pointed leaves that grows close to the ground and climbs trees and buildings

Poison Ivya type of ivy that causes extreme itching and a rash, if touched

Main Parts of Plants

Seed — what plants grow out from

Rootthe part of the plant that remains underground and absorbs water

Stemthe part of the plant that grows upward and holds the flower up

Stalk — another word for a stem

Leaf — the green part of the plant that absorbs sunlight

Petalthe colorful parts of the flower

Bud—the first stage of plant growth that’ll flower and bloom

Thorna part on the stem of a flower or plant that’s prickly and sharp

Branchthe part of the tree that grows out from the trunk

Twiga small branch

Barkthe outer skin of a tree

Pretty and Common Flowers

Daffodila flower with small yellow petals

Rose flowers with thorns and bright red petals; it’s associated with romance and love

Dandeliona weed that has yellow flowers

Daisya flower that has white petals around a yellow top

Lilya medium-sized flower whose petals can be all different colors

Tulipcommon in many gardens, and famous in Holland; they can be multiple colors and are associated with Easter

Sunflowera big flower with bright yellow petals and a brown top

Now that you know all the basics, try practicing your plant vocabulary!

Typical Tall Trees

Two common types of trees aredeciduousandevergreen.

Deciduous trees shed (get rid of) their leaves during a specific part of the year (typically autumn/fall), and evergreen trees keep their leaves all year.

Not all trees fall into these two categories though, as you’ll see in this short list. There are actually over 60,000 types of trees on our planet!

Palm Tree(neither deciduous or evergreen) a tropical tree with palms and sometimes coconuts (large, featherlike leaves)

Cactus(neither deciduous or evergreen) grows in the desert with thorns or thistles (pointy, sharp spines)

Maplea deciduous tree with three-pointed leaves

Oak — a deciduous tree with acorns

Birch — a deciduous tree with thin, white bark

Willowa large deciduous tree with thin leaves and curtain-like branches

Poplara medium-sized deciduous tree with teardrop-shaped leaves

Pinean evergreen tree with needle-like leaves and pinecones

Gardening Tools Used to Take Care of Plants

If you want to take care of your plants, you’ll need some gardening tools.

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Gardenersomeone who maintains a garden

Flower Pota container where one or more flowers grow

Vegetable Gardena garden that specifically grows vegetables

Weeda plant in a garden that’s not desired

Weed (action verb) to pick and remove the weeds from the garden

Shovela tool used to dig in the ground

Paila cylindrical (circular) container for carrying water

Watering Cana container specifically used to water plants

Shearsa tool used to cut through or trim plants

Rakea tool used to gather trimmed plants or fallen leaves from the ground

Hoea single-bladed tool used to dig out weeds

Sow (action verb) to plant seeds

Mow(action verb) to trim the grass, often with a lawnmower

Lawnmowerthe machine used to mow the lawn; it can be gas-powered or hand-pushed

Wheelbarrowa single-wheeled cart for carrying gardening materials

Sheda small shelter in a yard that stores gardening materials or other outdoor objects and tools

Beautiful Landscapes

Our planet has so many beautiful landscapes!

Baywhere the sea curves inward to create a body of water with coast on three sides

Lakea small body of water inland; lakes are often fresh water

Seaa large body of salt water; there are actually about 50 seas in the world

Oceana larger body of salt water; there are five oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Southern

Rivera flowing stream of water

Creeka thin river

Waterfallwhen water falls from a higher point (like a cliff) to a lower point

Canyonan arid and rocky valley surrounded by cliffs

Glaciera large expanse of ice around the polar regions of the Earth

Meadowa large field with grasses and flowers

Foresta landscape with dense plants and trees

Mountaina big elevation in the Earth; mountains are often rocky, snow-covered or volcanic

Hilla small elevation in the Earth

Plaina flat expanse of land; plains are often grassy

Marshan expanse of land that regularly floods and remains saturated

Islandan expanse of land surrounded by water on all sides

Peninsulaan expanse of land surrounded by water on three sides

Savannaan arid field in a tropical region; there are a lot in Africa

Valleyan expanse of land between mountains or hills

Deserta dry landscape often covered in sand or rocks; not many plants grow here

Tundraa dry landscape in cold climates

Cliffa steep mountain-like formation; these are common along coasts

Cavea tunnel or chamber underground

Beacha sandy expanse of land near bodies of water

Fieldan expanse of land where grasses and other plants are common

Don’t forget to practice your landscape vocabulary!

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Ancient Geological Features

The word geologyis a noun that means the study of the Earth and its physical processes.

This list of vocabulary also has words that describe significant events that impact human activity and are caused by the Earth.

Bedrocklarge expanses of flat rocks

Sedimentary Rockrock that’s moved by water or wind

Igneous Rockrock that’s made directly from lava or magma

Metamorphic Rocksedimentary or igneous rocks changed by extreme heat

Cratera large, circular hole or indentation in the Earth; usually formed by a volcano

Erosionwhen water or air breaks away at rock

Fossilold remains from a plant or animal that died a long time ago

Gema precious stone often used for jewelry

Geyserwhen hot water sprays up from under the Earth

Hot Springa pool where water is warmed by underground Earth processes

Minerala solid material made by the Earth

Seismic Activitymovement of the Earth’s plates created by natural processes

Earthquakewhen seismic plates shift, causing the Earth to shake and split

Volcanoa mountain formed by eruptions and lava

Magmahot fluid under the Earth

Lavawhen magma surfaces from underground

Eruptionwhen lava or magma spews from the Earth at the top of a volcano

Tsunamia giant wave often caused by an underwater earthquake

Fossil Fuela natural fuel burned by humans to run things like cars, airplanes and electricity

Climate Change Vocabulary

Climate changeis a noun that describes global weather patterns and temperatures that have changed due to the impact that human activity.

Atmospherelayers of gases in the sky that encase the Earth

Ozonea layer of oxygen above the Earth that protects us from the sun

Carbon Dioxidewhat we exhale when we breathe; we also create this by burning fossil fuels

Emissionsthese are produced when we burn fossil fuels; they commonly come out of cars, power plants and factories

Ecosystemsa community of plants and animals that depend on each other for survival

Habitata place where an animal lives

Extinctionwhen all members of an animal species die

The Greenhouse Effectwhen emissions get stuck under the Earth’s atmosphere and warm the planet

Pollutantsomething that pollutes or damages the Earth

Non-renewable Resourcea resource that can only be used once; an example would be natural gas

Renewable Resourcea resource that can be used over and over again; an example would be wind

Coalancient plant matter now in rock form that can be burned for fuel

Oila liquid found in the Earth that can be burned for fuel

Solar Energya form of energy that uses the sun’s rays

Wind Energya form of energy that uses wind

Droughtwhen a landscape is dry for an extended period of time

Ice Capsanother word for glaciers in the polar regions of the Earth

While some of these words are pretty complicated, practicing climate change vocabulary is important if you want to take about current events that involve the environment.

And if you’re up for a real challenge, try practicing all of the nature words together!

Wow!

(Video) Magoosh GRE Words Story (A- words) // Part -1

Your English nature word vocabulary is growing into quite a beautiful garden!

Take care of the seeds you just planted, and watch your nature vocabulary flourish!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

FAQs

What are some good words to describe nature? ›

List of 172 Words to Describe Nature
abloomdesertsnow
chirpinggrassyvernal
cleangreenvibrant
cliffgrowingvivid
cloudlesshappyvolcano
38 more rows

How do you describe a beautiful nature? ›

To simply describe a beautiful natural scenery you can use adjective words like Pristine, Stunning, Exquisite, Indescribable etc.

How would you describe beautiful nature in one word? ›

But, thanks to the efforts of natural poets and authors, we can use words like ethereal, verdant, and pristine to describe nature's beauty.

What is nature one word? ›

1 : the physical world and everything in it It is one of the most beautiful creatures found in nature. 2 : natural scenery or surroundings We took a hike to enjoy nature. 3 : the basic character of a person or thing Scientists studied the nature of the new substance.

What is nature in simple words? ›

uncountable noun. Nature is all the animals, plants, and other things in the world that are not made by people, and all the events and processes that are not caused by people. The most amazing thing about nature is its infinite variety.

What is a nature lover called? ›

dendrophile. Noun. ▲ A person who spends time in outdoor pursuits or sports.

What are some nature quotes? ›

"Nature to be commanded must be obeyed." "My wish is to stay always like this, living quietly in a corner of nature." "Should you shield the canyons from the windstorms you would never see the true beauty of their carvings." "Not just beautiful, though—the stars are like the trees in the forest, alive and breathing.

What are the most beautiful words? ›

The 30 Most Beautiful Words in the English Language
  • Vellichor. ...
  • Petrichor. ...
  • Serendipity. ...
  • Diaphanous. ...
  • Limerence. ...
  • Silhouette. ...
  • Akimbo. ...
  • Mellifluous.
Dec 6, 2019

How does nature make you feel? ›

Being in nature, or even viewing scenes of nature, reduces anger, fear, and stress and increases pleasant feelings. Exposure to nature not only makes you feel better emotionally, it contributes to your physical wellbeing, reducing blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension, and the production of stress hormones.

How do you express beauty? ›

40 Ways to Say You Are Beautiful in Speaking Phrases You are so adorable. I have never seen anyone as beautiful as you You make my heart melt Your beauty is incomparable Your smile melts my heart Lovely Dazzling Wow, You are gorgeous.

What's a better word for beautiful? ›

Some common synonyms of beautiful are comely, fair, handsome, lovely, and pretty. While all these words mean "exciting sensuous or aesthetic pleasure," beautiful applies to whatever excites the keenest of pleasure to the senses and stirs emotion through the senses.

What's a big word for beautiful? ›

admirable, adorable, alluring, angelic, appealing, beauteous, bewitching, captivating, charming, classy, comely, cute, dazzling, delicate, delightful, divine, elegant, enthralling, enticing, excellent, exquisite, fair, fascinating, fetching, fine, foxy, good-looking, gorgeous, graceful, grand, handsome, ideal, inviting ...

What is nature called? ›

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the physical world or universe. "Nature" can refer to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general.

What is another word for beautiful nature? ›

What is another word for natural beauty?
beautyattractiveness
bloomexquisiteness
handsomenesspulchritude
artistrybeauteousness
heavenlinessmagnificence
49 more rows

What is example of nature? ›

Nature is defined as the natural Earth and the things on it, or the essence of a person or thing. The trees, forests, birds and animals are all an example of nature.

What is the nature 10 lines? ›

Answer: The air we breathe, the water we drink, the land we live upon, the soil we use to build our houses, and the fruit and vegetables we eat, all comes under nature. There are some untouchable things which can only be felt like the beauty of hills, the aroma of flowers, and the taste of fruits, etc.

What is nature in our life? ›

It underpins our economy, our society, indeed our very existence. Our forests, rivers, oceans and soils provide us with the food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we irrigate our crops with. We also rely on them for numerous other goods and services we depend on for our health, happiness and prosperity.

How do we express love for nature? ›

Plant flowers or a tree.

Skip the bouquet of flowers this year and get your loved one a potted plant or plantable flowers! Instead of having to throw away or compost those flowers after a week, your loved one can plant their gift and enjoy it for years.

What is best about nature? ›

Nature is the purest portal to inner-peace.” "In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous." “Sunsets are proof that endings can often be beautiful, too.” "Preserve and cherish the pale blue dot, it's the only home we've ever known."

How do you say beautiful scenery? ›

scenic
  1. breathtaking.
  2. dramatic.
  3. grand.
  4. panoramic.
  5. spectacular.
  6. impressive.
  7. striking.

How does nature make you feel? ›

Being in nature, or even viewing scenes of nature, reduces anger, fear, and stress and increases pleasant feelings. Exposure to nature not only makes you feel better emotionally, it contributes to your physical wellbeing, reducing blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension, and the production of stress hormones.

What are some nature quotes? ›

"Nature to be commanded must be obeyed." "My wish is to stay always like this, living quietly in a corner of nature." "Should you shield the canyons from the windstorms you would never see the true beauty of their carvings." "Not just beautiful, though—the stars are like the trees in the forest, alive and breathing.

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