7 Types of Artificial Intelligence That You Should Know in 2023 (2023)

The use and scope of Artificial Intelligence don’t need a formal introduction. Artificial Intelligence is no more just a buzzword; it has become a reality that is part of our everyday lives. With companies building intelligent machines for diverse applications using AI, it is revolutionizing business sectors like never before. You will learn about the various stages and categories of artificial intelligence in this article on Types Of Artificial Intelligence.

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What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is the process of building intelligent machines from vast volumes of data. Systems learn from past learning and experiences and perform human-like tasks. It enhances the speed, precision, and effectiveness of human efforts. AI uses complex algorithms and methods to build machines that can make decisions on their own. Machine Learning and Deep learning forms the core of Artificial Intelligence.

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AI is now being used in almost every sector of business:

  • Transportation
  • Healthcare
  • Banking
  • Retail
  • Entertainment
  • E-Commerce

Now that you know what AI really is, let’s look at what are the different types of artificial intelligence?

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Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence can be divided based on capabilities and functionalities.

There are three types of Artificial Intelligence-based on capabilities -

  • Narrow AI
  • General AI
  • Super AI

Under functionalities, we have four types of Artificial Intelligence -

  • Reactive Machines
  • Limited Theory
  • Theory of Mind
  • Self-awareness

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First, we will look at the different types of Artificial Intelligence-based on Capabilities.

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Artificial Intelligence Based on Capabilities

What is Narrow AI?

Narrow AI, also called as Weak AI, focuses on one narrow task and cannot perform beyond its limitations. It targets a single subset of cognitive abilities and advances in that spectrum. Narrow AI applications are becoming increasingly common in our day-to-day lives as machine learning and deep learning methods continue to develop.

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  • Apple Siri is an example of a Narrow AI that operates with a limited pre-defined range of functions. Siri often has problems with tasks outside its breadth of abilities.
  • IBM Watson supercomputer is another example of a Narrow AI. It applies cognitive computing, machine learning, and natural language processing to process information and answers your queries. IBM Watson once out-performed human contestant Ken Jennings to become the champion on the popular game show, Jeopardy!.
  • Other examples of Narrow AI include google translate, image recognition software, recommendation systems, spam filtering, and Google’s page-ranking algorithm.

What is General AI?

General AI, also known as strong AI, can understand and learn any intellectual task that a human being can. It allows a machine to apply knowledge and skills in different contexts. AI researchers have not been able to achieve strong AI so far. They would need to find a method to make machines conscious, programming a full cognitive ability set. General AI has received a $1 billion investment from Microsoft through OpenAI.

  • Fujitsu has built the K computer, which is one of the fastest supercomputers in the world. It is one of the significant attempts at achieving strong AI. It took nearly 40 minutes to simulate a single second of neural activity. Hence, it is difficult to determine whether strong AI will be achieved shortly.

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  • Tianhe-2 is a supercomputer that was developed by the China's National University of Defense Technology. It holds the record for cps (calculations per second) at 33.86 petaflops (quadrillions of cps). Although that sounds exciting, the human brain is estimated to be capable of one exaflop, i.e., a billion cps.

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What is a Super AI?

Super AI surpasses human intelligence and can perform any task better than a human. The concept of artificial superintelligence sees AI evolved to be so akin to human sentiments and experiences that it doesn't merely understand them; it also evokes emotions, needs, beliefs, and desires of its own. Its existence is still hypothetical. Some of the critical characteristics of super AI include thinking, solving puzzles, making judgments, and decisions on its own.

Now, we will look at the different types of Artificial Intelligence-based on Functionalities.

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Artificial Intelligence Based on Functionalities

To describe the various types of Artificial Intelligence systems, it is necessary to categorize them based on their functions.

What is a Reactive Machine?

A reactive machine is the primary form of artificial intelligence that does not store memories or use past experiences to determine future actions. It works only with present data. They perceive the world and react to it. Reactive machines are provided with specific tasks, and they don't have capabilities beyond those tasks.

IBM’s Deep Blue that defeated chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov is a reactive machine that sees the chessboard pieces and reacts to them. Deep Blue cannot refer to any of its prior experiences or improve with practice. It can identify the pieces on a chessboard and know how each moves. Deep Blue can make predictions about what moves might be next for it and its opponent. It ignores everything before the present moment and looks at the chessboard pieces as it stands right now and chooses from possible next moves.

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Source: Britannica

What is Limited Memory?

Limited Memory AI trains from past data to make decisions. The memory of such systems is short-lived. They can use this past data for a specific period of time, but they cannot add it to a library of their experiences. This kind of technology is used in self-driving vehicles.

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  • Limited Memory AI observes how other vehicles are moving around them, at present, and as time passes.
  • This ongoing, collected data gets added to the AI machine's static data, such as lane markers and traffic lights.
  • They are included when the vehicle decides when to change lanes, avoid cutting off another driver, or hit a nearby vehicle.

Mitsubishi Electric has been figuring out how to improve such technology for applications like self-driving cars.

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What is the Theory of Mind?

Theory of mind AI represents an advanced class of technology and exists only as a concept. Such a kind of AI requires a thorough understanding that the people and things within an environment can alter feelings and behaviors. It should understand people's emotions, sentiments, and thoughts. Even though many improvements are there in this field, this kind of AI is not fully complete yet.

  • One real-world example of the theory of mind AI is Kismet. Kismet is a robot head made in the late 90s by a Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher. Kismet can mimic human emotions and recognize them. Both abilities are key advancements in theory of mind AI, but Kismet can’t follow gazes or convey attention to humans.

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  • Sophia from Hanson Robotics is another example where the theory of mind AI was implemented. Cameras present in Sophia's eyes, combined with computer algorithms, allow her to see. She can sustain eye contact, recognize individuals, and follow faces.

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What is Self Awareness?

Self-awareness AI only exists hypothetically. Such systems understand their internal traits, states, and conditions and perceive human emotions. These machines will be smarter than the human mind. This type of AI will not only be able to understand and evoke emotions in those it interacts with, but also have emotions, needs, and beliefs of its own.

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Conclusion

We might be far from creating machines that can solve all the issues and are self-aware. But, we should focus our efforts toward understanding how a machine can train and learn on its own and possess the ability to base decisions on past experiences.

I hope this article helped you to understand the different types of artificial intelligence.

Do you have any questions regarding this article? If you have, please put in the comments section of this article on types of artificial intelligence. Our team will help you solve your queries at the earliest!

FAQs

What are the seven 7 steps in creating artificial intelligence? ›

It can be broken down into 7 major steps :
  • Collecting Data: As you know, machines initially learn from the data that you give them. ...
  • Preparing the Data: After you have your data, you have to prepare it. ...
  • Choosing a Model: ...
  • Training the Model: ...
  • Evaluating the Model: ...
  • Parameter Tuning: ...
  • Making Predictions.
Jan 6, 2023

What are the 10 types of AI? ›

Latest Artificial Intelligence Technologies
  • Natural language generation. Machines process and communicate in a different way than the human brain. ...
  • Speech recognition. ...
  • Virtual agents. ...
  • Biometrics. ...
  • Machine learning. ...
  • Robotic process automation. ...
  • Peer-to-peer network. ...
  • Deep learning platforms.

How many types of AI are there? ›

7 Types of Artificial Intelligence That You Should Know in 2023.

What is AI best answer? ›

Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing, speech recognition and machine vision.

What are the 7 types of AI? ›

7 Major Types of AI That Can Bolster Your Decision Making
  • Narrow AI or ANI.
  • Artificial general intelligence or AGI.
  • Strong AI or ASI.
  • Reactive machines.
  • Limited memory.
  • Theory of mind.
  • Self-awareness.
Nov 21, 2022

What are the 7 original aspects of AI? ›

The original seven aspects of AI, named by McCarthy and others at the Dartmouth Conference in 1955, include automatic computers, programming AI to use language, hypothetical neuron nets to be used to form concepts, measuring problem complexity, self-improvement, abstractions, and randomness and creativity.

What are the 6 branches of AI? ›

The Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence

Machine Learning. Neural Network. Fuzzy Logic. Natural Language Processing.

What are the main AI types? ›

There are four types of artificial intelligence: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind and self-awareness.

What are 4 types of AI? ›

There are a lot of ongoing discoveries and developments, most of which are divided into four categories: reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind, and self-aware AI.

Which is the best type of AI? ›

Super AI:

Super AI is a level of Intelligence of Systems at which machines could surpass human intelligence, and can perform any task better than human with cognitive properties.

What is the most powerful AI? ›

While AI has been improving, the November 2022 launch of ChatGPT has been a game changer. ChatGPT is a conversational application of GPT-3, the most powerful AI system in the world, allowing you to have a natural conversation with this powerful technology.

What are the 5 types of artificial intelligence? ›

What Are the Different Types of Artificial Intelligence (AI)?
  • What is artificial intelligence?
  • Reactive machines.
  • Limited memory.
  • Theory of mind.
  • Self-awareness.
  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
  • Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
  • Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)
Dec 7, 2022

What are the 14 benefits of AI? ›

Benefits of AI for Businesses
  • Automation. Automation is one of the most common benefits of AI. ...
  • Improved Customer Experience. ...
  • Smarter Decision Making. ...
  • Research and Data Analysis. ...
  • Solves Complex Problems. ...
  • Manages Repetitive Tasks. ...
  • Reduces Errors. ...
  • Improved Business Efficiency.
Sep 29, 2022

What do you mean by AI Class 7? ›

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of a computer or a robot controlled by a computer to do tasks that are usually done by humans because they require human intelligence and discernment.

What are the domains of AI class 7? ›

The domain of AI is classified into Formal tasks, Mundane tasks, and Expert tasks.

What are the 9 types of AI? ›

  • What Is Artificial Intelligence? In 1956, the term Artificial Intelligence was defined by John McCarthy. ...
  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) ...
  • Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) ...
  • Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) ...
  • Reactive Machine AI. ...
  • Limited Memory AI. ...
  • Theory Of Mind AI. ...
  • Self-Aware AI.
Jan 3, 2023

What are the 7 most pressing ethical issues in artificial intelligence? ›

And therefore, ethical AI brings some really interesting and important factors to the light that need immediate consideration in order to overcome ethical concerns surrounding AI technology:
  • Biases. ...
  • Infusing Morality, Loss of Control. ...
  • Privacy. ...
  • Power Balance. ...
  • Ownership. ...
  • Environmental Concerns. ...
  • Humanity.
Aug 1, 2022

Is Siri artificial intelligence? ›

Siri is Apple's personal assistant for iOS, macOS, tvOS and watchOS devices that uses voice recognition and is powered by artificial intelligence (AI).

What are the 3 types of AI *? ›

The 3 types of AI are artificial superintelligence, general or strong AI, narrow or weak AI.

What are the six dimensions of AI? ›

There are six broad dimensions of artificial intelligence: speech and audio recognition, natural language processing, image processing, pattern recognition, deep learning and robotics.

What are the types of AI class 8? ›

How Many Types of Artificial Intelligence-AI are there?
  • Narrow or Weak AI – is dedicated for just one task.
  • General AI – this performs like human.
  • Super AI – intelligent than humans.

What type of AI is Sophia? ›

Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by the Hong Kong-based company Hanson Robotics.

What is the smartest AI right now? ›

Lucid.AI is the world's largest and most complete general knowledge base and common-sense reasoning engine.

Which AI skills are most in demand? ›

Top Artificial Intelligence Skills
  • Programming languages (Python, R, Java are the most necessary)
  • Linear algebra and statistics.
  • Signal processing techniques.
  • Neural network architectures.
Jan 9, 2023

What is the smartest form of AI? ›

Artificial superintelligence (ASI) is a form of AI that is capable of surpassing human intelligence by manifesting cognitive skills and developing thinking skills of its own.

What are the steps of artificial intelligence? ›

  • Get Familiar With AI. ...
  • Identify the Problems You Want AI to Solve. ...
  • Prioritize Concrete Value. ...
  • Acknowledge the Internal Capability Gap. ...
  • Bring In Experts and Set Up a Pilot Project. ...
  • Form a Taskforce to Integrate Data. ...
  • Start Small. ...
  • Include Storage As Part of Your AI Plan.

What are the stages of artificial intelligence? ›

There are three phases of AI:
  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
  • Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
  • Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)

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